Research Methods 2300 Ch. 4
Research Methods 2300 Ch. 4 Seth Miller
Terms in this set (9)
What is the main idea from the Tuskegee study? What were the violations of ethical codes?
Recruited approximately 400 Black men who had syphilis and approximately 200 who did not have syphilis.
Told them they were being treated (for "bad blood," not syphilis). But never actually gave treatment.
Secretly prevented them from joining the Army (where they'd have healthcare & education benefits).
-not treated respectfully
-participants were harmed both by commission and by omission
-researches targeted a disadvantaged group
What is the main idea from the Milgram's obedience? What were the violations of ethical codes?
Participants (teachers) were instructed to give increasingly higher voltage shocks to the "learner" (actually a confederate) when a mistake was made in a learning task.
-experience was stressful
-lasting uncertain effects
no attempts to reduce stress
What is the main idea from the Standford prison study? What were the violations of ethical codes?
Twenty-one participants (selected from a pool of 75 newspaper respondents) participated in the study for $15 per day. Participants were randomly assigned to the "prisoner" or "guard" role.
A "prison" was constructed in the Stanford Psychology Department.
Three cells with three "prisoners" per cell. Prisoners were kept in the area 24 hours per day.
-no respect for the prisoners
-seemed to lose touch with reality
what are the three main principles of the Belmont Report
- respect for persons
What are the five general ethical principles from the APA?
Beneficence and nonmaleficence, fidelity and responsibility, integrity, justice, respect for peoples rights and dignity
What is the information contained in ethical standard 8 from the APA
-institutional review boards
-research misconduct (data fabrication, data falsification, and plagiarism)
an ethical principle from the Belmont Report stating that researchers must take precautions to protect participants from harm and to promote participants' well-being.
an ethical principle from the Belmont Report calling for a fair balance between the kinds of people who participate in research and the kinds of people who benefit from it.
respect for persons
an ethical principle from the Belmont Report stating that research participants should be treated as autonomous agents and that certain groups deserve special protections.
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