GIacabazi Test Ch. 3 and 4
Now has the Essays and all correct hopefully.
Terms in this set (54)
Some things we understand about the season of Lent.
Abstinence from meat, poultry on Fridays and Ash Wednesday, 40 days (not including Sunday, Laudable to make sacrifices, Season of preparation before Easter, Priest wear violet, red, rose, black. Status of saints are covered, Not certain prayers or holy water, Not much music
Intended audiences of each of the four gospels
Mark to Christians persecuted in Rome. Matthew to Jewish Christians educated by the Law. Luke to the Gentiles and outcasts. John to 2nd generation Christians.
gospels writers as original authors and editors; focuses on Evangelists as editors
a term reffering to God's infinite incomprehensibility his plan of salvation and redemption, and the events of Jesus's life that show and accomplish this plan
Significance of magi
They represent all Gentiles that have learned of his birth
Significance of Jesus' circumcision and presentation in the Temple
His circumcision shows that he is Jewish and the presentation shows he is the firstborn of God and "the sword of sorrow will pierce mary' s heart
the term to describe the mystery of Christ's manifestation as savior of the world
a literary form that relates past scriptural events to help explain and interpret present events
Jesus as 'New Israel'
Because he left the promised land for Egypt but returned. He is the representation of the Israelites.
A nativity scene with a crib, started by Saint Francis of Assisi, reminds us that Its Christmas time
King Herod Antipas & Herodias
John the Baptist spoke against this marriage of this king and his brother's wife. John was later beheaded by this king.
Significance of the Jordan River for Jewish people
John baptised people in the in this river, which represented jewish freedom and entry to the promise land
Criterion of embarrassment
technique of historical criticism which scholars use to determine what we can be sure really happened in Jesus' earthly life. Used in the event of Jesus' baptism because it gets rid of all thought that the Church made up Jesus's stories because baptism implies that he is a sinner.
Hebrew meaning for temptation
meant "to try" or "to test"
Temptations of Jesus in the desert
Asks to turn stone to bread, jesus says man does not live by bread alone, He trusts his father will provide for him, Asks to do homage to satan, jesus says only worship God, Prove you are God's son, jesus says don't put God to test
Who led Jesus into the desert to be tempted?
The Holy Spirit
Parable (para bollein) definition and examples
A typical teaching device Jesus used. It is a vivid picture story drawn from ordinary life that conveys religious truth, usually related to some aspect og God's kingdom. It teases the listener to think and make a choice about accepting the Good news of God's reign./Word parabole meaning "to throw", bollein, "beside", Para, Examples during the review
Kingdom of God
The proclaimation by Jesus that inaugurated his life, Death, and Ressurection. It is the process of God's reconciling and renewing all things through his son, to the point where his will is being done on earth as it is in Heaven. The process has begun with Jesus and will be perfectly completed at the end of time
a powerful sign of God's kingdom worked by Jesus
Four types of miracles
Physical healings, nature miracles, Exorcisms, and raisings from the dead.
Jesus was a healer par excellence. Curing blindness, deafness, skin diseases...
demonstrating power over elements. Called storm, walked on water, withered fig tree, fed 5000 people by multiplying loaves and fish. Changed water to wine
Expulsion of an evil spirit.
Raising from the dead
widows son at Nain; daughter of Jairus; Lazarusgh
Three Greek words to describe miracles in gospels, and their meaning
Semeion means "sign"; Teras mean "wonder"; Dunamos means "a power"
How do Jesus' miracles reveal God's power and the coming of the kingdom?
Give proof to the claim that God;s Kingdom was at hand, That Jesus was the Kingdom's principle agent, Confirm that God the Father sent him
mystery from christ's life in which God's glory shone through and transformed Jesus' physical appearance while he was in the company of the Old Testament prophets Moses and Elijiah
great mystery of God's love poured out to rescue all humanity from sin and death
Toward the end of his life, to where did Jesus travel for the last time and why?
to Jerusalem so that he could fullfill his death
What is kerygma?
preaching to unbelievers
The way Jesus is portrayed in Mark's Gospel this way because the people in Rome were being persecuted, and to be the servant shows to be humble and one who cares for the other.
Misperceptions of Jesus
people of his hometown thought he was deranged; Zealots thought he would be a military leader; opponents thought he got his power from the devil and was a threat to the nation; apostles didn't understand him either
Author of Mark's gospel
his followers and mostly anonymous or man named John Mark
When was Mark's gospel written, where, and for whom?
70 AD, TO Prosecuted Christians in Rome, and written in Rome
How is Mark's gospel placed in the source theory chart (with Luke, Matthew and Q)?
Mark is at the Top, Lending information to both Luke and Matthew, Mark is unaffected by any other sources. It is the first, and original.
Galloping gospel and the parousia
Fast movement from one story to another. No transitions. Sense of immediacy. Why? Because mark uses his writing to show that the Parousia (Final judgment, end of the world) is coming soon.
Disciplined, Brotherhood, following (root discipline or student). Close to sufferi ng
Jesus must suffer and die in order to save us - He is the ultimate example of doing God's will. If you follow Jesus you must suffer.
5-point Pattern of Miracle stories
Introduction, Display of Faith, Jesus responds to and cures the person, Result of the Miracle, Reaction to Miracle
Jesus wanting his divine identity to remain unknown that was shown through Mark asking Who is this person? And will you follow Jesus?
Son of Man
A messianic word that relates the idea that Jesus was also human. Also refers to his incarnation and His work of salvation.
symbol of St. Mark the evangelist
any thought or word, or act, that expresses hatred or contempt for God, Christ, the Church, saints, or Holy Things
Jesus was seen as a threat to some Jewish authorities because...
Threats to israel's institutions, Exorcisms, Claiming to be savior god by forgiving sin, Healing on sabbath, Disregard for cleanliness and dietary laws, Association with sinners and tax collectors
Jesus as the 'new Adam'
like Adam, Jesus represented us to the father, He had a unique and definitive Sacrifice, they represent humanity.
St. Katharine Drexel
Established St. Catherine Indian School in Santa Fe, New Mexico, also founded the Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament. Started 60 schools for Indian and African-American students. Spoke out against injustice
8 months pregnant while in Roman prison. Throat cut out when martyred
attacked by her father over being a Christian. Was secretly baptized. Throat cut out when martyred
St. Francis of Paola
Born in Paola Italy. Educated by Franciscans and became a monk at age 15. Built monastery and lived an eremitical life for 15 years. Established the religious group 'Minims' eventually known as Hermits of St. Francis. Ordered by the Pope to cure French King Louis XI but couldn't.
St. Jean-Baptiste de la Salle
Ordained into priesthood at 27. Taught the poor instead of the wealthy; renounced family wealth and status to be like those he was teaching. Founded Brothers of the Christian Schools. Patron saint of teachers.
Mark's story of the 'rich young man' and St. Ignatius' First Principle and Foundation
Read Mark 10:17-31...We are created to praise reverence and serve God, other things are created to help us to do this, but if we don't use them to help, we need to get rid of them. The young man asks what he has to do to get into the Kingdom of Heave. Jesus replies follow the 10 commandments, and then tells him to sell all his possessions, give the money to the poor, so he will have treasure in heaven, and then he needed to come and follow him. It is sometimes hard for a wealthy person to enter heaven because we become obsessed with our wealth. Sometimes giving up our possessions we can strive towards the First Principle and Foundation.
Details from the story of Jesus' Baptism and the Baptism's significance and meaning
Jesus is being baptized by John the Baptist and the dove flies out showing the holy spirit and the voice shows God the father saying this is my son... Shows submission to God's will, foreshadow the baptism of his death for remission of our sins, and serve as a model for our baptism. Important because it marks the Beginning point of his public teaching.
A little deeper insight into a miracle story from the gospels
Choose one from Marks Gospel, study the parts of a miracle, why is this important? symbolic? Blind man had faith and the pharisees were blind of faith. EX. Calming seas, they needed to learn to trust in the Lord.
Faith and Reason, based on your group work
a situation, know how to show faith and reason to come to the truth.