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49 terms

CE.6 National Government

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what defines the structure of national government
U.S. Constitution
Washington, D.C.
the location of our national government
national legislative branch
Congress
bicameral
having 2 houses
two houses of Congress
House of Representatives and Senate
total members of the House of Representatives
435
total number of Senators
100
number of Senators is based on
two per state
number of Represenatives is based on
population
Congress makes -
laws
Congress approves -
the annual budget
Congress confirms -
presidential appointments
Congress raises -
revenue
how congress raises revenue
levies and other taxes
Congress regulates -
interstate and foreign trade
Congress declares -
war
National executive branch
president
the president executes -
the laws of the land
the president prepares -
the annual budget for Congressional approval
the president appoints -
cabinet officers, ambassadors and federal judges
the president administers
the federeal bureaucracy
the highest court in the land
Supreme Court
cases heard in federal courts
those involving federal law and interpretation of the Constitution
separation of powers
having 3 branches of government
the three branches of government
legislative, executive and judicial
checks and balances
the system where each branch can limit the powers of the other two branches
Congress can override -
presidential vetoes
Congress can impeach -
the president and federal judges
Congress can confirm -
federal judges
The president can propose -
legislation
The president can call -
a special session of Congress
The president vetoes -
legislation
The courts can declare -
executive acts and laws unconstitutional
expressed powers
specifically listed in the Constitution
implied powers
not found in the Constitution; used to carry out expressed powers
Steps in lawmaking
- Bill introduced in either house
- Bill is worked on in committee
- Floor debate
- Floor vote
- Sent to second house to repeat the first 4 steps
- Bill is sent to president for approval or veto
Why elected officials write laws
in response to a problem or issue
who helps shape legislation
individuals and interest groups
powers of Congress are limited by the -
Constitution
How the president influences policy making
- Proposing legislation in an annual speech
- Appealing directly to the people
- Approving or vetoing legislation
- Appointing officials to carry out the laws
the president's annual speech
State of the Union Address
officals who help the president carry out the laws
cabinet, agencies and regulatory groups
Chief of State
ceremonial head of the government
Chief Executive
Head of the executive branch
Chief Legislator
Proposer of the legislative agenda
Commander-in-Chief
head of the armed forces
Chief Diplomat
architect of foreign policy
Chief of Party
leader of the political party that controls the executive branch
Chief Citizen
representative of all people

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