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Chapter 3 - Nonverbal Communication
Terms in this set (25)
"those behaviors other than words themselves that form a socially shared coding system"
-include a wide variety of behaviors besides "body language"
-assumes that people recognize the meaning of these behaviors within their social/cultural setting
includes almost all behaviors that most people believe make-up non verbal ways of expression, including gestures, eye contact, and body position..."all forms of body movement, excluding physical contact with another."
body movements that carry meaning in and of themselves. Alone w/o verbals, but convey a clear message. (ex. middle finger, thumbs up)
body movements that help receivers interpret and better attend to what is being said verbally. (ex. hand gestures, shaking finger)
body movements that are employed to help guide conversations (ex. head nod)
body movements that "satisfy physical or psychological needs"
-self adaptors: movements people do to their own bodies
-alter adaptors: movements people direct to the bodies of other people
-object adaptors: movements that involve attending to an object (ex. biting a pen)
body movements which express emotion w/o the touch of touch.
-with eyes, eyebrows, eyebrows and forehead, mouth and cheeks, people can create affect displays understood worldwide
all aspects of touch. (Important in childhood and elderliness)
Purposes of touching...
used for function. ex: doctors touching patients
relatively formal for greeting/departure
typically shared between friends. "Pats" on the back
not public, signal elevated closeness. ex: sex
the way we use space
physically fixed ares that one or more individuals defend as their own
proxemic-based need that moves along with the individual
body, clothes, and piercings
-ectomorphic (thin bones, lean body)
-mesomorphic (strong bone structure, muscular)
-endomorphic (large bone structure, heavy set)
respects all aspects of the voice, including loudness, pitch, accent, rate of speech, pauses, and tone
use perception of time, "appropriate" duration, punctuality
doing multiple activities at once
focusing on one activity at a time
"the physical objects and environment attributes that communicate directly, define the communication context, and guide social behavior in some way."
functions of nonverbal codes
structuring and regulating interaction