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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. ideal
  2. tangential
  3. eradicate
  4. astute
  5. allusion
  1. a n. an indirect reference; an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly.
    The author's mention of a "jabberwocky" was an allusion to Alice in Wonderland, but most readers missed the reference.
  2. b v. to destroy completely; to put an end to.
    Smallpox was once a widespread disease, but it has been eradicated by modern vaccines.
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    eradication (n.)
  3. c adj. having an ability to accurately assess situations or people and turn this to one's advantage; shrewd; discerning.
    The astute poker player could tell that his opponent was bluffing, and so continued to bet aggressively.
  4. d (1) adj. perfect; most suitable.
    The empty parking lot is ideal for driving practice.

    (2) n. a standard of perfection; a principle to be aimed at.
    I try to stay true to my ideal of treating everyone with kindness.
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    idealism
    n. the practice of pursuing ideals, especially unrealistically
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    idealist (n.)
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    idealize
    v. to regard as perfect or better than in reality
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    ideologue
    n. a supporter of an ideology or system of beliefs, especially someone who is uncompromising and dogmatic.
    The government can barely accomplish anything because it's full of ideologues who refuse to cooperate with each other.
  5. e adj. only barely touching or related to (something); peripheral.
    I had a hard time understanding how Penelope's tangential response related to the conversation we were having.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. (1) v. to examine or inspect

    (2) v. to stop or slow down the progress of (something undesirable); to curb; to restrain.
    In an effort to check the spread of disease, rules prevent people from bringing exotic plants and animals into the country.
  2. n. a system of methods used in a particular area of study or activity.
    After the discovery of bacteria, doctors developed a whole new methodology for the prevention of infection.
  3. adj. kept secret or done secretively, especially because illicit; covert; furtive; surreptitious.
    We acted in clandestine fashion because our actions could lead to legal trouble if we were caught.
  4. v. to engage in plots and intrigues; to scheme.
    Hoping to devise a plan to steal identities over the web, Harry and Kim sat in the back room and machinated.
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    machination
    n. a scheme
  5. adj. calm; peaceful; serene; placid.
    Her family retreats to their lake house to relax and take in the tranquil beauty of the water.

5 True/False questions

  1. resilientadj. able to recover or spring back quickly after being bent or compressed, or after difficult conditions.
    Even after a third knee surgery, the resilient ball player returned for another season.
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    resilience (n.)

          

  2. palliate(1) v. to make (a disease or its symptoms) less severe or unpleasant without removing the cause

    (2) v. to allay or moderate (fears or suspicions); to alleviate; to relieve; to assuage.
    The mayor's reassuring speech palliated the worries of the townspeople.
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    palliative
    (1) adj. soothing, alleviating

    (2) n. a remedy or medicine that palliates

          

  3. derive(1) v. to get or obtain something from specified source.
    We derived great pleasure from watching him win the contest.

    (2) v. to come from or originate in (a specified source).
    The word "coffee" derives from the Turkish word "kahveh."
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    derivative
    (1) n. something that is based on another source

    (2) adj. (typically of an artist or work of art) imitative of the work of another person, and usually disapproved of for that reason; unoriginal; plagiarized

          

  4. lugubriousadj. looking or sounding sad and dismal; mournful; gloomy; glum; melancholy.
    Eeyore is the most lugubrious cartoon character that I remember from my childhood—he's always down about something.

          

  5. appropriate(1) v. to make (a disease or its symptoms) less severe or unpleasant without removing the cause

    (2) v. to allay or moderate (fears or suspicions); to alleviate; to relieve; to assuage.
    The mayor's reassuring speech palliated the worries of the townspeople.
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    palliative
    (1) adj. soothing, alleviating

    (2) n. a remedy or medicine that palliates