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Vocab to 10/12/20
Terms in this set (16)
The institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
A belief that ultimate power resides in the people.
Belief that a rulers authority comes directly from god.
A government ruled by a few powerful people
System of government in which all power is invested in a central government.
Federal System (Federalism)
A form of government in which power is divided and shared between a central government and state and local governments.
A system consisting of a league of independent states, each having essentially sovereign powers. The central government created by such a league has only limited powers over the states.
a system of government in which the legislative and executive branches operate independently of each other
government in which the executive is chosen by the legislature from among its members and the two branches are merged
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
Separation of Powers
the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
Found in the Declaration of Independence. Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness.
Basic liberties and rights of all citizens are guaranteed in the Bill of Rights.
Limited Power of Government
the government can't do whatever it wants, it has limits and must follow the constitution
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