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35 terms

Plant Kingdom Terms

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Root
Anchor the plant
Root Hairs
Absorbs the nutrients from the soil
Leaf
Produce food and oxygen
Stem
Gives structure to the plant
Stalk
Attaches the leaf to the stem
Palisade Layer
Contains the chlorophyll
Upper Epidermis
Thin protective layer on the top of the leaf
Cuticle
Waxy covering on the leaf
Spongy Layer
Storage area
Lower Epidermis
Thin protective layer on the bottom
Vascular Plants
Plants with tubes to transport water and minerals
Nonvascular Plants
Plants without tubes to transport water and minerals
Angiosperm
Flowering vascular plant
Gymnosperm
Nonflowering vascular plant
Xylem
Carries water and nutrients up through the plant
Phloem
Carries the food throughout the plant
Herbaceous
Soft green and flexible stem
Woody
Hard, rigid stem
Taproot
Large, main root
Fibrous Roots
Roots with many branches
Deciduous
Trees that lose their leaves every autumn
Evergreen
Trees that shed their needles periodically throughout the year
Perennial
Plant that lives from one growing period to the next
Annual
Plant that lives and dies in one growing season
Biennial
Plant that produces leaves and food the 1st year and dies the next year
Cambium
A layer of cells that produces new xylem and phloem tissues
Seed
Contains a young plant inside a protective covering
Root Cap
Protects the growing tip of the root from injury
Stomata
Small openings or pores on the surface of leaves
Cotyledon
A seed leaf where food can be stored
Pollination
Transfer of pollen to the female parts of the plants
Fertilization
Process when the pollen meets the egg
Germination
Process when the seed first begins to grow
Transpiration
Loss of water vapor from the leaves
Respiration
Process when the cells in the plant use the glucose and the oxygen