Aggressors Invade Nations
Terms in this set (36)
What were the problems in the Japanese democracy?
constitution put strict limits on powers of prime minister and cabinet, civilian leaders had little control over armed forces, military reported only to emperor
To whom did Japanese militarists want to return control of the government to?
What purpose did the emperor serve?
symbol of state power
Who was the emperor?
How did militarists hope to solve the economic problems?
Why did the militarists think this would be a solution?
raw materials, new markets, room for rising population
Why was Manchuria desirable?
rich in iron and coal
What did japan withdraw from in 1933?
League of Nations
Who participated in a war in 1937?
Japan and China
Who won the war between Japan and China?
Who was China's Communist leader?
Where did Mussolini invade in October 1935?
What weapons did Mussolini use?
airplanes, tanks, guns, poison gas
What was Hitler's first act of defiance against the Treaty of Versailles?
What did the League convince Hitler to do?
take greater risks
What was the appeal of the Rhineland?
buffer b/w Germany and France, industrial area
What is giving in to an aggressor to keep peace?
Why was the invasion of the Rhineland a turning point?
strengthened Hitler's power and prestige, balance of power changed in Germany's favor, encouraged speeding up of expansion (lack of response)
What was the agreement between Hitler and Mussolini?
What did Germany, Italy, and Japan come to be known as?
What were Franco's forces known as?
What were the supporters of Spain's elected government known as?
Who did Hitler and Mussolini support in the Spanish Civil War?
Who else sent equipment for the Spanish Civil War?
Who took power in Spain after the Spanish Civil War?
What is the belief that political ties to other countries should be avoided?
What were the 3 sets of laws that banned loans and the sale of arms to nations at war in the U.S.?
What was the German Empire known as?
What was the union of Austria and Germany?
What was desirable about the Sudetenland (Czechoslovakia)?
3 million german speaking people there
Who did the Czechs look to for help?
What was the meeting of Germany, France, Britain, and Italy in Munich known as?
Who proposed the Munich Conference?
Where did Britain and France allow Hitler to take?
Where did Mussolini take after Hitler took Czechoslovakia?
Who did Germany sign a nonaggression pact with?