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41 terms

medical term chapter 5

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Alveolus
air sacs at the end of the bronchioles. oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged through
anoxia
condition of absence of oxygen
arterial blood gases
a test performed on arterial blood to determine levels of oxygen carbon dioxide and other gases present
asphyxia
deprivation of oxygen for tissue use suffocation
aspiration
to withdraw fluid or to suction as well as to draw foreign material into the respiratory tract
asthma
respiratory disease characterized by paroxysms of coughing wheezing shortness of breath and constriction of airways
bronchiectasis
dilation of the bronchi
bronchodilator
agent causing the bronchi to widen
bronchogenic carcinoma
cancerous tumor orgininating in a bronchus
bronchus
one of two branches from the trachea that conducts air into the lungs where it divides and subdicides. bronchial tree
capnometer
instrument used to measure carbon dioxide
coccidiodomycosis
fungial disease affecting the lungs and somtimes other organs of the body
cor pulmonale
serious cardiac disease associated with chronic lung disorders such as emphysema
diaphragm
muscular partition that seperates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity
dyspnea
difficult breathing
epistaxis
nosebleed (rhinorrhagia0
eupnea
normal breathing
hemothorax
blood in the chest
hypoxemia
condition of deficient oxygen
hypercapnia
condition of excessive carbon dioxide
hypoventilation
ventilation of the lungs beyond normal body needs
hypoxia
condition of deficient oxygen to the tissue
laryngotracheobronchitis
inflammation of the larynx trachea and bronchi the acute from is called croup
mediastinum
space between the lungs it contains the heart trachea and great blood vessels
mucopurulent
containing both mucus and pus
nasal septum
partition separating the right and left nasal cavities
nebulizer ventilator
device that creates a mist used to deliver medication for giving respiratory treatment
obstructive sleep apnea
repetitive pharyngeal collapse during sleep which leads to absence of breathing can produce daytime drowsiness and elevated blood pressure
oximeter
instrument used to measure oxygen
patent
open
pertussis
highly contagious bacterial infection of the respiratory tract characterized by an acute crowing inspiration or whoop
pharyngitis
inflammation of the pharynx
pneumatocele
hernia of the lung ( lung tissue protrudes through an opening in the chest)
pneumothorax
air in the chest which causes collapse of the lung
pulmonary function test
a group of test to measure breathing
rhinitis
inflammation of the nose (mucous membrane)
spirometer
instrument to measure breathing or lung volumes
trachepstenosis
narrowing of the trachea
tuberculosis
an infection or disease caused by an acid fast bacillus most commonly spread by inhalation of small particles and usually affecting the lungs
upper respiratory infection
infection of the nasal cavity pharynx or larynx
ventilation perfusion scanning
medical procedure used to diagnose pulmonary embolism an other conditions also called a lung scan