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APUSH Roaring 20's
Terms in this set (36)
return to normalcy
After World War I 1919-20s, when Harding was President, the US and Britain returned to isolatoinism. The US economy "boomed" but Europe continued to struggle. It was the calm before the bigger storm hit: World War II
Piolit, first person to fly across the Antlantic ocean, "Lucky Lindy."
spirit of st louis
a custom airplane used by Charles Lindbergh to make the first solo, non-stop trans-Atlantic flight
a group of American writers that rebelled against America's lack of cosmopolitan culture in the early 20th century. Many moved to cultural centers such as London in Paris in search for literary freedom. Prominent writers included T.S. Eliot, Ezra Pound, and Ernest Hemingway among others.
F scott fitzgerALD
a novelist and chronicler of the jazz age. his wife, zelda and he were the "couple" of the decade but hit bottom during the depression. his noval THE GREAT GATSBY is considered a masterpiece about a gangster's pursuit of an unattainable rich girl.
The Great Gatsby
A novel depicting the picturesque idea of the self made American man and enterpreneur who rose from obscurity. was written by F. Scott Fitzgerald. (pages 742-7430
American novelist who satirized middle-class America in his 22 works, including Babbitt (1922) and Elmer Gantry (1927). He was the first American to receive (1930) a Nobel Prize for literature.
FTP identify this title character of a 1927 work about a corrupt evangelist by Sinclair Lewis.
an American writer of fiction who won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1954 (1899-1961)
A Farewell to Arms
E. Hemingway. A love story which draws heavily on the author's experiences as a young soldier in Italy. Lieutenant Frederic Henry, a young American ambulance driver during WWI. Falls in love with nurse Catherine Barkley. The Battle of Caporetto. In Switzerland, their child is born dead, and Catherine dies due to hemorrhages.
A twentieth-century African-American actress, dancer, singer, and civil rights activist. She gained her international reputation first in Europe. After World War II she was decorated by the French government for her work in the Resistance, and at her death she was given a state funeral as a war hero.
a flowering of African American culture in the 1920s; instilled interest in African American culture and pride in being an African American
African American poet who described the rich culture of african American life using rhythms influenced by jazz music. He wrote of African American hope and defiance, as well as the culture of Harlem and also had a major impact on the Harlem Renaissance.
wrote "Any Human to Another," "Color," and "The Ballad of the Brown Girl;" American Romantic poet; leading African-American poets of his time; associated with generation of poets of the Harlem Renaissance
A poet who was a major figure in the Harlem Renaissance movement and wrote the poem "If We Must Die" after the Chicago riot of 1919.
Zora Neale Hurston
Black writer who wanted to save African American folklore. She traveled all across the South collecting folk tales, songs & prayers of Black southerners. Her book was called Mules and Men.
Harlem club where many famous African American entertainers began their career
a term coined by F. Scott Fitzgerald for the postwar era because the young people were willing to experiment with new forms of recreation and sexuality. The music blended African and European traditions to form a new kind of music
Jelly Roll Morton
Creole pianist, composer, songwriter, and hustler from New Orleans. "First Jazz Composer." Recorded with the "Red Hot Peppers" in the mid 1920's.
Born in Chicago middle class. moved to Harlem in 1923 and began playing at the cotton club. Composer, pianist and band leader. Most influential figures in jazz.
Leading African American jazz musician during the Harlem Renaissance; he was a talented trumpeter whose style influenced many later musicians.
A twentieth-century American composer known for putting elements of Jazz into forms of classical music, such as the concerto. His works include Rhapsody in Blue, An American in Paris, and the music to the opera Porgy and Bess. Together with his brother, Ira, he wrote many musical comedies.
The Act specified that "no person shall manufacture, sell, barter, transport, import, export, deliver, furnish or possess any intoxicating liquor except as authorized by this act." It did not specifically prohibit the purchase or use of intoxicating liquors
A mob king in Chicago who controlled a large network of speakeasies with enormous profits. His illegal activities convey the failure of prohibition in the twenties and the problems with gangs.
a place where alcoholic drinks were sold and consumed illegally during Prohibition
Madame C.J. Walker
A leading African American entrepreneur who was one of the first women in the United States to become a millionaire.
Immigration Act of 1924
Also known as the Johnson-Reed Act. Federal law limiting the number of immigrants that could be admitted from any country to 2% of the amount of people from that country who were already living in the U.S. as of the census of 1890.
National Orgins Act
1890's, Targets specific race groups and does not allow them to immigrate. Fixed pattern of immigration for next 4 decades. Done by WASPs to remain superior.
an American Major League baseball player from 1914 to 1935. Named the greatest baseball player in history in various surveys and rankings, his home run hitting prowess and charismatic personality made him a larger than life figure in the "Roaring Twenties"
American artist known for her abstract paintings during the 1920s
a highly publicized trial in 1925 when John Thomas Scopes violated a Tennessee state law by teaching evolution in high school
A famed criminal defense lawyer for Scopes, who supported evolution. He caused William Jennings Bryan to appear foolish when Darrow questioned Bryan about the Bible.
Leopold and Loeb Trial
18 & 19 year old students wanted to commit the "perfect crime" killed neighbor but dropped glasses which perscription traced back to leopold. Caught and sentanced to life in prison, not death
The name "Black Sox" also refers to the Chicago White Sox team from that year. Eight members of the Chicago franchise were banned from baseball for throwing (intentionally losing) games, giving the victory to the Cincinnati Reds.
Fatty Arbuckle Scandal
1921. People were forced to see Hollywood in a new light: immoral. This set off a chain of events that lead to the creation of the Hayes Codes.
Phonetician and linguists; A teacher of english pronunciation; wrote an adaption of visible speech (precuser of the international phonemic alphabet). Father of the phonetic alphabet, major contributer to the study of descriptive phonetics.
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