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how long after initial infection will adult heartworms be found in the pulmonary artery and be releasing microfilariae?
caudal lung lobes
adult worms destroy the endothelium of the small pulmonary arteries, particularly where?
right ventricular concentric hypertrophy
the presence of heartworms can lead to pulmonary hypertension which can cause cor pulmonale, which is what?
2 condition related to the kidneys that can occur secondary to heartworm infection
dogs with signs of parenchymal lung disease can be treated with what prior to starting adulticide treatment?
to cause a graded kill and lessen the number of dead worms at one time when using melarsomine, the two injections can be given with how much time between them?
surgical removal of worms is a good option for dogs who have a high risk of what?
term for heartworm disease when there are adults in the pulmonary arteries but there are no circulating microfilariae
condition where there is a severe worm infection that they back up from the pulmonary arteries into the right atrium and even the caudal vena cava.
what condition associated with post-caval syndrome is due to mechanical shearing in the blood vessels?
condition in dogs caused by the immunological reaction to the microfilariae in the lungs
pulmonary eosinophilic granulomatosis
rare condition due to heart worms where there are nodules containing mononuclear cells, neutrophils, and eosinophils and proliferation of bronchial smooth muscle occurs in the lungs
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