Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads



Meaningful succession of pitches.


Section of a melody, comparable to a section or phrase of a sentence.


Stopping point.


Melodic phrase repeated at different levels of pitch.


Melody that is easy to recognize, memorize, and sing.


Melody that recurs throughout a section, a movement, or an entire composition.

Motive, motivic melody

Short melodic phrase that may be effectively developed.

Lyrical melody

Relatively long, songlike melody.


Ascending or descending pattern of half steps, whole steps or both.

Major Scale

Ascending pattern steps as follows: whole, whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half.

Minor Scale

Ascending pattern of steps as follows: whole, half, whole, whole, half, whole.


First and most important note of the major or minor scale, to which all other notes in the scale are subordinate.


The major or minor scale on which a composition is based.

Chromatic Scale

Twelve consecutive half steps within the range of an octave.

Whole-tone scale

Six consecutive whole steps within the range of an octave.

Pentatonic scale

Five-note scale

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording