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Chapter 3

Melody
STUDY
PLAY
Melody
Meaningful succession of pitches.
Phrase
Section of a melody, comparable to a section or phrase of a sentence.
Cadence
Stopping point.
Sequence
Melodic phrase repeated at different levels of pitch.
Tune
Melody that is easy to recognize, memorize, and sing.
Theme
Melody that recurs throughout a section, a movement, or an entire composition.
Motive, motivic melody
Short melodic phrase that may be effectively developed.
Lyrical melody
Relatively long, songlike melody.
Scale
Ascending or descending pattern of half steps, whole steps or both.
Major Scale
Ascending pattern steps as follows: whole, whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half.
Minor Scale
Ascending pattern of steps as follows: whole, half, whole, whole, half, whole.
Tonic
First and most important note of the major or minor scale, to which all other notes in the scale are subordinate.
Key
The major or minor scale on which a composition is based.
Chromatic Scale
Twelve consecutive half steps within the range of an octave.
Whole-tone scale
Six consecutive whole steps within the range of an octave.
Pentatonic scale
Five-note scale