Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
MBHS AP World History Ch. 38-40 Vocab
Terms in this set (102)
In 1961, the Soviet Union built a high barrier to seal off their sector of Berlin in order to stop the flow of refugees out of the Soviet zone of Germany. The wall was torn down in 1989.
Successful effort by the United States and Britain to ship by air 2.3 million tons of supplies to the residents of the Western-controlled sectors of Berlin from June 1948 to May 1949, in response to a Soviet blockade of all land and canal routes to the divided city.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
treaty signed in 1945 that formed an alliance of the Eastern European countries behind the Iron Curtain; USSR, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania
The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The United Nations (led by the United States) helped South Korea.
a policy of creating strategic alliances in order to check the expansion of a hostile power or ideology or to force it to negotiate pecefully
Southeast Treaty Organization: Includes USA, UK, France, Pakistan, Thailand, the Philippines, Australia, and New Zealand
Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist socialist state in Cuba (born in 1927)
International organization founded in 1945 to promote world peace and cooperation. It replaced the League of Nations.
Bay of Pigs
Landing area on Cuba's south coast where an American-organized invasion by Cuban exiles was defeated by Fidel Castro's government forces April 17-20, 1961
Cuban Missile Crisis
the 1962 confrontation bewteen US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba
ruled the USSR from 1958-1964; lessened government control of soviet citizens; seeked peaceful coexistence with the West instead of confrontation
was a famous discussion between Richard Nixon and Nikita Khrushchev. It signaled that the U.S acknowledged their setback in technology since Nixon focused on technological luxuries.
Thought women shouldnt just be a housewife and homemaker, wrote "the feminine Mystique"
is a series of campaigns on issues such as reproductive rights, domestic violence, maternity leave, equal pay, voting rights, sexual harassment, and sexual violence. The goals of the movement vary from country to country, e.g. opposition to female genital cutting in Sudan, or to the glass ceiling in Western countries.
Brown vs. Board of Education
Decision saying, segregation in SCHOOLS is a violation of the 14th amendment, 1954
a competition of space exploration between the United States and Soviet Union
Hungarian Revolution of 1956
Hungarian dissidents had launched a popular uprising to demand democratic reforms, and shortly after, Soviet tanks and troops entered Budapest to crush the uprising and restore an orthodox, pro-Soviet regime.
Charles de Gaulle
French general and statesman who became very popular during World War II as the leader of the Free French forces in exile (1890-1970)
Communist dictator of Yugoslavia, worked to keep the former Yugoslavia free from Russian domination.
social process of neutralizing the influence of Joseph Stalin by revising his policies and removing monuments dedicated to him and renaming places named in his honor
was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia during the era of its domination by the Soviet Union
the easing of tensions or strained relations (especially between nations)
a prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the non-communist armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States
Paris Peace Accords
1973 peace agreement between the United States, South Vietnam, North Vietnam, and the Vietcong that effectively ended the Vietnam War.
a military force of Muslim guerilla warriors engaged in a jihad
A Polish politician, a former trade union and human rights activist, and also a former electrician. He co-founded Solidarity, the Soviet bloc's first independent trade union, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983, and served as President of Poland from 1990 to 1995.
A peaceful protest by the Czech people that led to the smooth end of communism in Czechoslovakia.
a policy initiated by Mikhail Gorbachev that involved restructuring of the social and economic status quo in communist Russia towards a market based economy and society
the Soviet Union's plan to allow more political freedom in the 1980's--Gorbechev was the leader
President of the Russian Republic in 1991. Helped end the USSR and force Gorbachev to resign.
loyalty and commitment to the interests of your own minority or ethnic group rather than to society as a whole
Muhammad Ali Jinna
the leader of the Muslim League, insisted that Muslims in the Congress Party resign
Indian statesman and leader with Gandhi in the struggle for home rule
Day of Direct Action
called for by Indian Muslim League during Indian negotiations w/ Brits for independence; this was basically a day of Muslim demonstrations that ended in the Great Calcutta Killing
an area in southwestern Asia whose sovereignty is disputed between Pakistan and India
people (or countries) who are not aligned with other people (or countries) in a pact or treaty
Right speaking (Truth and Clarity) will take hold of our consciousness and our thinking.
Ho Chi Minh
1950s and 60s; communist leader of North Vietnam; used geurilla warfare to fight anti-comunist, American-funded attacks under the Truman Doctrine; brilliant strategy drew out war and made it unwinnable
Vietnamese Declaration of Independence
Declaration that Ho Chi minh made to get rid of the French and become an independent nation
A city in Northwestern Vietnam. Home to the battle of Diebienphu, which was fought between pro-communist Vietnamese and Democratic United Sates and France. This battle lead to the leave of the French, and Vietnam divided into two. Communist North Vietnam lead by victorious Ho Chi Minh, and pro-Western government South Vietnam lead by Ngo Dinh Diem in Saigon. Vietnam remained a dangerously divided country. (pg. 919)
Ngo Dinh Diem
South Vietnamese president that was catholic and strongly opposed communism. His poor leadership and corrupt government spelled doom
National Liberation Front
Ho Chi Minh wanted to unite Vietnam under Northern rule and aided what group of communist rebels trying to overthrow Diem in the south. Official title of the Viet Cong. Created in 1960, they lead an uprising against Diem's repressive regime in the South.
Paris Peace Accords
1973 peace agreement between the United States, South Vietnam, North Vietnam, and the Vietcong that effectively ended the Vietnam War.
farms in Israel where groups of Jewish families live and work together
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Arab leader, set out to modernize Egypt and end western domination, nationalized the Suez canal, led two wars against the Zionist state, remained a symbol of independence and pride, returned to socialism, nationalized banks and businesses, limited economic policies
Egypt's last ruling king 1936-1952; shared control with Britain; son of King Faud
Region in southwestern Asia that became the ancient home of the jews; the ancient Roman name for Judea;
Algerian War of Independence
a conflict between France and Algerian independence movements from 1954 to 1962, which led to Algeria gaining its independence from France
an Algerian revolutionary who was an influential propeonent of national liberation for colonial peoples through violent revolution
movement thay encouraged Africans to value their heritage and it strengthen Pan - Africanism
A nationalist leader who fought to end oppressive laws against Africans; later became the first Prime Minister of Kenya
Great Leap Foward
a program Mao Zedong began in 1958 to speed up economic develpoment
first communist leader/ brought in communism/ wanted to get rid of four olds/ estalished red guard (red brigade)/ died in 1976/ had the red book/ came to power in 1949/ started great leap forward/ started cultural revolution (got rid of Red Guards)/ established People's republic of china/ got rid of binding feet
Great Proletariat Cultural Revolution
A spontaneous movement by the Red Guards (groups of China's youth that often beat up minor authority figures such as administrators, teachers, and sometimes their own parents) that embodied the struggle for power within the Communist Party of China. This movement attempted to rid China of old bourgeois ideas by replacing its traditional culture with Communist culture. An attempt to regain control of the party after the disastrous Great Leap Forward, this movement weakened party efficiency and morale, creating an enormous crisis of faith for those who believed in and supported Communism
Communist Party leader who forced Chinese economic reforms after the death of Mao Zedong. (p. 862)
Site in Beijing where Chinese students and workers gathered to demand greater political openness in 1989. The demonstration was crushed by Chinese military with great loss of life.
1966 prime minister of India. assassinated by Sikh extremists in retaliation for her attack on the Golden Temple
Golden Temple at Amristar
Holiest shrine in Sikhism
Indira's son (Nehru's grandson) and was prime minister of India 1985-1989. Had some reform of eonomy and gov't but also faced rebellion and was assassinated by Tamil Tigers.
Former President of Egypt (1st Arab leader to recognize and make peace with Israel) He was assassinated Oct. 6 1981 for making peace with Israel.
Palestine Liberation Organization
a political movement uniting Palestinian Arabs in an effort to create an independent state of Palestine
Palestinian statesman who is chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (born in 1929)
The Israeli prime minister who agreed to grant the Palestinians their own land. In 1995 he was killed by Jewish extremists
the monotheistic religion of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran
a holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
1979 Iranian Revolution
leader was khomeini. people were upset because their leader (the shah) was not chosen by them and back up by europe and the US. they believed their resources were being abused and wanted change. revolution was intended to turn iran into aw purely islamic state. new government followed the sharia and all western culture was banned.
Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
1954 - Took power
Given Military and trade benefits from the U.S
Oil from country split 50/50
The war began when Iraq invaded Iran on September 22 1980 following a long history of border disputes and fears of Shia insurgency among Iraq's long suppressed Shia majority influenced by Iran's Islamic revolution.
an Arab kingdom in Asia on the northwestern coast of the Persian Gulf
a dispute over control of the waterway between Iraq and Iran broke out into open fighting in 1980 and continued until 1988, when they accepted a UN cease-fire resolution
World Trade Centers
Once an icon for the global economy in New York, became a target for terrorism in 1993 and 2001; al Queda was solely responsible for the 9-11 attacks
South African statesman who was released from prison to become the nation's first democratically elected president in 1994 (born in 1918)
a social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites
F.W. de Klerk
the last State President of apartheid-era South Africa. Known for engineering the end of apartheid
International Monetary Fund
An international organization of 183 countries, established in 1947 with the goal of promoting cooperation and exchange between nations, and to aid the growth of international trade.
a United Nations agency created by a multinational treaty to promote trade by the reduction of tariffs and import quotas
World Trade Organization
an international organization based in Geneva that monitors and enforces rules governing global trade
Corporations with substantial operations on both the production and sales sides in more then one country
"four little tigers"
Singapore, Taiwan, South Korea, and Hong Kong
an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
an association of nations dedicated to economic and political cooperation in southeastern Asia and who joined with the United States to fight against global terrorism
A trade agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico that encourages free trade between these North American countries.
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries; international cartel that inflates price of oil by limiting supply; Venezuela, Saudi Arabia and UAE are prominent members
an increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosphere (especially a sustained increase that causes climatic changes)
delegates of 159 countries agreed in 1997 to cut greenhouse gas emissions blamed for global warming
control over the growth of population
A modern form of slavery in which people are sold, coerced or forced under threat of violence to work agains their will for little or no pay.
the calculated use of violence (or threat of violence) against civilians in order to attain goals that are political or religious or ideological in nature
a network of Islamic terrorist organizations, led by Osama bin Laden, that carried out the attacks on the US embassies in Tanzania and Kenya in 1998, the USS Cole in Yemen in 2000, and the World Trade Center and the Pentagon in 2001
Osama bin Laden
Arab terrorist who established al-Qaeda (born in 1957). Planned attack of 9-11. Reportedly in afghanistan
a nonprofit international organization that cares for the sick or wounded or homeless in wartime
an international organization that works for environmental conservation and the preservation of endangered species
World Health Organization
founded in 1948 by the United Nation; responsible for: standards of water sanitation, chemical safety, water purification, immunization, infectious disease.
send healthcare personnel to disasters
women of childbearing yrs are of special concern
Iraqi leader who waged war against Iran,his invasion of Kuwait led to the Gulf war
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
A 1946 United Nations covenant binding signatory nations to the observance of specified rights. (p. 892)
An influential non-governmental organization that operates globally to monitor and try to rectify glaring abuses of political (not economic or social) human rights.
In the context of arranged marriages in India, disputes over the price to be paid by the family of the bride to the father of the groom have, in some extreme cases, led to the death of a bride.
Permanent movement within a particular country.
migration across an international border
Workers who migrate to the more developed countries of Northern and Western Europe, usually from Southern of Eastern Europe or from North Africa, in search of higher-paying jobs.
The temporary movement of people between nations
Sets found in the same folder
AP World History
AP World History Ch. 14-16
AP World History Vocabulary for Chapter 30, 31
AP world history chpt. 20 vocabulary
Sets with similar terms
AP world vocab part 2
pol pot pot
ap world history chapter 38-40 and additional terms
AP World History Chapter 21 Vocabulary
Other Quizlet sets
properties of water flashcard questions
Marketing Exam 3
BAW: Review Test 3 - Hebrews
History Constitution Test (on 11/1/17)