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Social Psych 12
Terms in this set (18)
the hypothesis that people tend to seek and find partners who are roughly our own level of physical attractiveness.
a mutual exchange between two people.
the phenomenon by which the greater expsure we have to a given stimulus, the more we like it.
a phenomenon, the arousal caused by one stimulus is added to the arousal from a second stimulus and the combined arousal is erroneously attributed to the second stimulus.
an intense, exciting, and all-consuming type of love that may include constant thoughts about the person, powerful physical attraction, and intense communication.
a stable, calm, and dependable kind of love that may include quiet intimacy, stability, shared attitudes/values/life experiences, and high levels of self-disclosure.
social exchange theory
a theory that people's satisfaction in a relationship is determined by the costs and rewards of this relationship.
the expected outcome of a relationship, meaning the extent to which a given person expects his or her relationship to be rewarding.
comparison level for alternative (CLait)
a calculation regarding the expected benefits and costs a person could receive from having a relationship with various other partners.
the resources devoted to a relationship that cannot be retrieved.
a theory that relationship satisfaction is determined by the ratio of costs and benefits in a relationship for each partner.
the expectations people have about their relationship partners, based largely on early experiences with their caregivers.
talking things over with a relationship partner to try to solve the conflict.
giving up on a relationship and withdrawing from it emotionally.
leaving the relationship altogether.
remaining committed to a relationship and simply waiting patiently for things to get better.
demand/withdraw interaction pattern
a situation in which one partner is nagging, critical, and insistent about discussing the relationship problems while the other partner is withdrawn, silent, and defensive.
negative attribution traps
an approach in which a person explains his or her partner's behaviors in negative ways.
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