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Terms in this set (55)
A political landscape with two superpowers
Was America's attempt to build up Europe's economy after WWII for the purpose of trade, new markets, and new jobs.
The Soviet Union and the Eastern European countries that installed Communist regimes after World War II and were dominated by the Soviet Union.
Soviet organization whose purpose was to denounce Marshall Plan aid.
the political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control
Eastern European states under the control of the Soviet Union during the Cold War
Allied Control Council
This was established to make joint decisions regarding issues of the newly divided Germany.
The first chancellor of West Germany; he was able to establish a stable democratic government.
part of germany given to the french, english and americans after the conference
German Democratic Republic
Organization for European Economic Cooperation that sought to establish a permanent organization to continue work on a joint recovery program
a proclamation to an opponent that certain regions were untouchable
- a violation risked a superpower was
an array of nonaligned or friendly states that buffer a larger country from invasion. In Europe, keeping a buffer zone has been a long term policy of Russia (and also of the former Soviet Union) to protect its western borders from European invasion
a political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eatern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region
First established in 1947 after Britain no longer could afford to provide anti-communist aid to Greece and Turkey, it pledged to provide U.S. military and economic aid to any nation threatened by communism.
a United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)
The blockade was a Soviet attempt to starve out the allies in Berlin in order to gain supremacy. The blockade was a high point in the Cold War, and it led to the Berlin Airlift.
airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world
National Security Council
a committee in the executive branch of government that advises the president on foreign and military and national security
an independent agency of the United States government responsible for collecting and coordinating intelligence and counterintelligence activities abroad in the national interest
Organization of American States, an international governmental organization formed by the states of North and South America formed to promote democracy, economic cooperation, and human rights
Southeast Treaty Organization: Includes USA, UK, France, Pakistan, Thailand, the Philippines, Australia, and New Zealand
1955 - A treaty supported by the West that united the defenses of Iraq, Turkey, Pakistan, and Iran, to counter the threat of the expansion of the Soviet Union.
communist leader who begins building an army of peasants in the winter of 1928 and eventually takes control of entire country after wining an internal civil war following world war 2. in 1941, he establishes the people's republic of china and rules with absolute power until 1976 when he dies. his ideology involved leaning lightly on communism and divided the people of china into 4 groups: the workers, the peasants, the bourgeoisie, and the nationalist leaders.
Yugoslav statesman who led the resistance to German occupation during World War II and established a communist state after the war (1892-1980)
Describes a time period in the Early Cold War in which people were unscrupulously accused of being disloyal (as by saying they were Communists)
Un-American Activities Committee
hunted down commies
A former State Department official who was accused of being a Communist spy and was convicted of perjury. The case was prosecuted by Richard Nixon.
The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The United Nations (led by the United States) helped South Korea.
General Douglas MacArthur
drove back North Korean invaders during the Korean War
a city in southeastern South Korea on the Korean Strait, where Douglas MacArthur landed his Marines, temporary Capital of SK
a battle in the Korean War (1950)
social process of neutralizing the influence of Joseph Stalin by revising his policies and removing monuments dedicated to him and renaming places named in his honor
the new communist leader in Poland. He attempted to ease the Polish conflicts. He was later allowed to adopt slightly more democratic policies.
..., Hungarian Communist Party leader who attempted to end association with the USSR which lead to the 1956 Hungarian revolt.
..., Nov. 4th, 1956
= Soviets entered Budapest to fierce fighting
= Soviets installed Janos Kadar for 14 years
-decollectivized Hung agriculture
- lifted restrictions on Catholic Church
=***** Hungary was a "backyard" of USSR so US could not not intervene in Hungarian uprising without great risk of starting WWIII
..., In 1968, Czechoslovakia, under Alexander Dubcek, began a program of reform. Dubcek promised civil liberties, democratic political reforms, and a more independent political system. The Soviet Union invaded the country and put down the short-lived period of freedom.
..., Term used by Khrushchev in 1963 to describe a situation in which the United States and Soviet Union would continue to compete economically and politically without launching a thermonuclear war.
..., U.S. foreign policy pronouncement for military and economic aid to anticommunist gov in the Middle East
..., a Russian artificial satellite
..., A conference between many countries that agreed to end hostilities and restore peace in French Indochina and Vietnam.
..., In which the Russians shot down a high altitude US spy plane over the Soviet Union; this incident exposed a secret US tactic for gaining information.
..., a wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
..., US checkpoint on Berlin Wall
..., the revolution led by Fidel Castro and a small band of guerrilla fighters against a corrupt dictatorship in Cuba
..., Communist leader of Cuba
..., Castro overthrows this person
Bay of Pigs
Failed invasion of Cuba planned by the US government
Cuban Missile Crisis
the 1962 confrontation bewteen US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba
..., Reagan's strategic defense initiative that attempted to create a defensive shield in space
..., anything that's not nuclear
..., Soviet statesman and premier who denounced stalin (1894-1971)
..., The principle of not backing down in a crisis, even if it meant taking the country to the brink of war. Policy of both the U.S. and U.S.S.R. during the Cold War.