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30 terms

Chapter 17- Digestive System

STUDY
PLAY
the liver
forms glucose from noncarbohydrates.
One of the major functions of the large intestine is to
absorb ingested water
Pancreatic acinar cells secrete pancreatic juice.
TRUE
Peristalsis mixes food in small segments of the alimentary canal with digestive enzymes.
FALSE
* the ______ refers to the peritoneum that is responsible for connecting the small intestines to the posterior abdominal wall.
mesentery
*the mesentery also contains long ______ and _____ branching out directly out of the center of the mesentery.
arteries and veins
*the mesentery then folds around the small intestine to enclose it as the ______ peritoneum.
visceral
*the mesentery is attatched to the back of the abd wall and the intestines are free to move against on another without friction.
back
SEPERATE
SEPERATE
*The tongue makes the food into a _____.
bolus
*the tongue pushes the food into the ______.
pharynx
* a reflux that occurs that closes the _____, nasal, and laryngeal openings.
ORAL
* the tactile receptors in the ______ trigger peristalisis
esophogus
* throughout the digestive tube , _______ continues.
peristalsis
Bile salts function like detergents in that they ___________ fat globules
emulsify
Acute pancreatitis is often caused by the conversion of
trypsinogen to trypsin.
The disorder of the large intestine producing a "cobblestone" effect within the tissues of the colon is
Chron's disease
Which of the following is a function of the large intestine?
Absorption of water and electrolytes
Enlarged blood vessels of the anal columns is called
hemorrhoids
The root canal of a tooth contains
BV & Nerves
The parotid gland differs from the submandibular and sublingual glands in that it secretes a clear fluid that is rich in amylase.
TRUE
______ is a protein-splitting enzyme in pancreatic juice.
trypsin
Bile salts function as digestive enzymes to break down fatty acids.
FALSE
Cholecystokinin, a hormone released from intestinal mucosa as a result of stimulation by the presence of fats in the small intestine, stimulates the gallbladder to contract and release bile into the duodenum
TRUE
The canaliculi in the liver transport ___________ through the ductules.
bile
Feces contain mucus, electrolytes, bacteria, or undigestive food.
all of the above
The _________ canal includes the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and anal canal.
alimentary
The esophagus passes through an opening in the diaphragm called the esophageal _______.
hiatus
______ ions help to regulate the pH of saliva.
bicarbonate
Bile salts aid the absorption of _________ vitamins.
fat soluble