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70 terms

WH Chapter 14

STUDY
PLAY
cartography
map-making
scurvy
disease caused by lack of Vitamin C
circumnavigate
sail around
conquistadors
spanish conquerors
immunity
resistance, particularly from disease
viceroys
representative who ruled in the name of the king
encomiendas
right to demand labor or tribute from Native Americans in a particular area
Peons
peasant workers
Moluccas
spice islands
Prince henry the navigator
financed portugese voyages
Ceuta
1st modern colony
Bartholomeu Dias
founded Cape of Good Hope
Cape of Good Hope
rounded tip of Africa
Vasco de Gama
reached India by going around Africa
1492
spain expelled jews
Ferninand and Isabella
spanish monarchs who wanted to protect lands in New World
Nina, Pinta, Santa Maria
Columbus' 3 ships
Pope Alexander VI
decided on Line of Demarcation and Treaty of Tourdesillas
Line of Demarcation
line dividing European world into 2 zones; split b/w spain and portugal
Treaty of Tourdesillas
agreed on proposed line of demarcation
Amerigo Vespucci
wrote journal accounts of new world
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
claimed south sea and shores for spain
Pacific Ocean
"south sea"
Ferninand Magellan
claimed Pacific ocean
Compass
magnetized technology allowing for circumnavigation to occur
Astrolabe
gave time and latitude
Caravel
small, fast maneuverable ship
compass, astrolabe, caravel, cartography
new technology allowing circumnavigation
cape town
1st permanent European settlement in africa
Boers
settled cape town
Boers
dutch farmers
Dutch East India Company
wealthy, powerful, sovereign
sovereign
self ruling, independent of gov.
Philippines
named after King Philip II
hernan cortes
conquistador leader against aztec empire
tenochtitlan
capital of aztec empire
moctezuma
aztec emperor
Hernando de soto
wanted gold and route to China
Francisco Vasquez de Conorado
search for golden empires;FAIL
francisco pizarro
conquistador against incan empire
Inca Empire
peru, ecuador used to be the
atahualpa
incan emperor who was taken hostage by spaniards and later executed
Bartolome de las Casas
protested encomienda system
Peninsulares
top of social heirarchy
-born on Iberian peninsula
Creoles
-born 2nd descendants of Spanish settlers
Mestizos
Native American/Euro descent of Spanish
mulattoes
african/european descent
Jacques River
discovered St lawrence river
1607
Jamestown, VA becomes it's1st perm. english settlement
pilgrims
english protestants who rejected Church of England
Mayflower Compact
self Gov agreement
John Winthrop
"city on a hill"
Triangular Trade
3 leg journey from Europe -> africa --> New World -->Europe
Council of the Indies
governmental body in spain that made laws for new world spanish colonies
Philippines
where journey ended for the man who almost circumnavigated
Atahualpa
Emperor of Incan Empire
Moctezuma
Emperor of aztecs
Gold, glory and god
motivation fr explorers
Horse
Animal brought from old world that had impact
1607
Jamestown founded when?
Moctezuma
Hernan cortes takes down who?
Gold, route to asia, spices
Jacques sent to find what in new world?
Treaty of Paris
treaty ending french/indian war
audencias
advisory councils of spanish settlers who helped viceroys rule
outpost
location for trade
Malinche
???
Mercantillism
economic system based on strengthening a nation's economy by exporting more than importing esp. by exploiting overseas colonies
capitalism
economic system in which most businesses are owned privately and independently of gov't
Columbian Exchange
Global exchange of goods, animals, plants, and disease between old and new world
Middle Passage
2nd leg of triangular trade; horror for africans