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APWH Chapter 6, 7 and 8 Test
chapter 7 and 8 ap world history ybarra
Terms in this set (17)
all about the abbassids in comparison to the umayyads?
the abassids were sunni muslim and teamed up with the shii to defeat Umayyad but over time were not nice to shii. Their capital city was baghdad. The status of the malawi was that the more the better and they had no distinction between old believers and malawi. common converters were persians, turkish people, african nomadic tribes. the persians heavily influenced their culture, army, and court. replaced arabic with persian in the court- literary expression. women rights declined because women confined to household, no occupation, patriachal authority, slaves often had more freedom.
describe the abbassid decline
as they began empire, they expanded and become more decentralized and fracturing(regional lords) rebellious states broke apart centrailizedness of islam. the caliphs became merely figure heads, used to be based on familiar rights but then succession came out of violence. after harun's death the sons created a civil war to determine succession. after that the potential of having the right to the throne was based on personal armies. these armies became dominated by slaves. former slaves formed mercenary armies and often became indepentant to determine succession. the generals fought for power against the figure heads. these armies became uncontrollable elements within the baghdad population. The Mongols under Chinggis Khan smashed the Islamic kingdoms on the eastern borders of the Islamic world in the first decades of the 13th century. Under Hulegu Khan, the Mongol hordes destroyed the center of Islamic civilization and captured Baghdad in 1258. The Mongols murdered the last Abbasid caliph. The Mameluk armies of Egypt finally halted the westward advance of the Mongols, but Baghdad was never able to reestablish itself as the capital of the Islamic world. Mongols responsible for end of caliph rule. <being emailed>
tell me about trade in the post classical area?
Explain the trade between the berbers and west african- mali?
mali is where mansa musa ruled. the berbers intially resisted muslim control during umayyad but then began to convert when assaids came into power. The berbers(north africa) traded with west africa- gold for salt. The berbers where part of statless societies- not settle civs, tribal, nomadic, kinship links- which dominated most of africa besides west.
what was happening on the east coast of africa?
the eastern coast was integrated into the growing trade network via the indian ocean- monsoon marketplace. The Swahili coast was settled by Bantu-speaking peoples between the first and 10th centuries C.E. Contact with Asian peoples dated to the second century B.C.E., at which time Asians reached the island of Madagascar and introduced bananas and coconuts to Africa. By the eighth and ninth centuries, traders from the Persian Gulf and Oman established a foothold on the eastern coast of Africa. As early as the 13th century, cities based on trade dotted the coastline. Muslim families ruled these city-states, including Mogadishu, Mombasa, Malindi, Kilwa, Pate, and Zanzibar. These cities exchanged ivory, gold, iron, slaves, and animals from the African interior for luxury goods from Asia.
What is significant about bananas and coconuts and agriculture techniques?
The swahilli states brought ag. to the west coast. the asians reached madagascar and introduced bananas and coconuts to africa.
Where were camels originally from?
from central asia not middle east/africa
they were very * in trade route process.
Differentiate between the three important kingdoms in west africa?
ghana- 9th to 13th centuary not muslim
mali- the malinki people took over with guns and traded them in the trade routes. 13th to 15th centuary.
songhai- 1350- 1600 overthrewn because not muslim enough. kings tried to spread islam. mansa musa
in all kingdoms there was a strong relationship between economics/polticics and religion of islam
Why is mansa musa important?
because he 1 brought islam to africa which centralized the people and brought literature. and 2 he made europe and surrounding people interested in where he was from. rich traveled a lot. king of mali. converted to islam
why would the kings convert to islam?
to maintain politcal/religious connection to other kings/the muslim trades/the trade route. provides religious justification for authority. centralizes people. converting for prestige- mostly only wealthy/* people in the kingdoms converted.
What religion was going on in Africa before islam?
polythestic/animisitc blend. diff. from other animism in the world because there gods were good vs. evil. also believed in ancestor veneration.
Prior to islam the african socities had a ___ culture?
oral culture. islam brought literarcy and foundation of knowledge.
What is swahili?
the bantu language of the east africans but mixed with arabic words. pidgin language.
compare the decline of rome and the decline of the abbassid empire?
some similarities are that they both became centralized with more absolutism. both claimed divine right. both had leader ship problems. both had succession, over extending, and fracturing problems. both hired foreign mercernaries. both overtaxed people. both had changes in core vaules.
some differences are that rome hired germanic mercenaries and abbassids turkic.
Differentiate between khaldum and battua
battua was responsible for talking all about mali and had lots of adventures and wrote down what life was like
khaldum was a historian and did travels in the islamic world- the muquaddimah.
Christianity in east Africa
nubia and ethipoian christians in east africa
blend of both the islam architure and the african culture.
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