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Texas Govt 2306: Chapter 4
Terms in this set (132)
In order to qualify as governor in Texas, how long does one have to live in the state preceding the election?
More important than the express qualifications that are required for election to governor are a person's _______ qualifications, like previously holding statewide elected office.
Nationwide, _______ African Americans have been elected as governor.
Which of the following women served as governor of Texas?
Miriam A. Ferguson
Governor Perry claimed what kind of economic background?
son of a sharecropper
A candidate must be at least _____ years old to run for governor in the state of Texas.
Which of the following is an important informal qualification for becoming governor?
having previously held elected office
What is the amount of the Texas governor's annual salary?
How many Asian Americans currently (2018) serve as governor in the U.S.?
In Texas, the governor and lieutenant governor are elected
As of 2018, how many states have elected women as governors?
Governor Bush was a good example of a Texas governor in terms of background, in that he had both a ______ and ______.
famous name; family wealth
In order to be elected governor in the state of Texas you must be
at least 30 years old.
a resident of Texas for 5 years before election.
a citizen of the United States.
Compared with members of the state legislature, the Texas governor is
extremely well paid.
The term _________ _________ refers to the role of the lieutenant governor when he or she takes over the gubernatorial office in the governor's absence.
What happens if the governor of Texas dies or leaves office during his or her term?
The lieutenant governor becomes governor.
What one thing have the men who have served as the governor of Texas generally had in common?
When the governor leaves the state, the lieutenant governor serves as ______, performing the function of the gubernatorial office.
In Texas, who follows the the lieutenant governor in the order of succession?
president pro tempore of the Texas Senate
The first woman to serve as governor of Texas was elected in the
For most Texas governors, the gubernatorial office is ______ of their political career, after which they ______.
the peak; retire from public life
The process for removing elected officials, including governors, is generally called
In 2011, voters voted against recalling the governor of what state?
What former Texas governor served in the Trump administration as secretary of energy?
At what point in Texas history was the idea of electing almost all officeholders reintroduced?
Most of the work of the attorney general involves _________ law rather than criminal law.
If a Texas governor were impeached, he or she would be convicted where?
Which of the following accurately describe the process of recalling the governor?
Only nine states allow it.
It is extremely rare.
What former Texas governor became president of the U.S.?
George W. Bush
The comptroller of public accounts currently functions as the
chief fiscal and revenue forecasting office
The Texas land commissioner is not only responsible for leasing and managing state lands but also for
generating funds from oil and gas production.
How can an attorney general's opinion on pending legislation affect that legislation?
If it's negative, it can kill the legislation.
In 1966, Texas abolished the office of ______ and gave the comptroller the responsibility of investing state funds.
Which elected position has the dual roles of promoting agricultural products while protecting the public health from unsafe agricultural practices?
commissioner of agriculture
The Texas Railroad Commission is comprised of ______ members.
The commissioner of education is
nominated by the board and submitted to the governor.
Both the legal ability of governors to succeed themselves in office and the length of a governor's term are known as __________ of office.
The purpose of the office of the attorney general is to
serve as legal counsel to the governor, the legislature, and state agencies.
What is the tenure of the Texas governor?
Four-year term, no limit of terms
What are the duties of the Texas Department of Agriculture?
inspection and certification of measuring devices
marketing Texas agricultural products
Which of the following was added as a primary activity of the Texas Railroad Commission in the 1920s?
regulation of the oil and gas industry
Why did the state legislature remove responsibilities from the State Board of Education?
because of an influx of social conservatives to the board and public infighting among members over core curriculum issues
States in what region of the country were the last to move to longer terms for governors?
Who was the first Texas governor to be elected to two consecutive four-year terms?
George W. Bush
What describes a structure in which governors share power with many other elected officials?
True or false: Term limits weaken the power and influence of a governor.
Compared to other states, the tenure of the Texas governor is
In Texas, the governor appoints approximately how many governing and policy-making positions?
Which of the following is a limit on the discretion of the Texas governor to make various appointments?
political pressure by interest groups
specific requirements like geographical representation or a specified professional background
What is Jacksonian statehouse democracy?
selecting the heads of state agencies by election
What are the functions of the Texas secretary of state?
keeper of state records
chief election official
When was the office of commissioner for health and human services created?
the early 1990s
What is the most significant appointment for the Texas governor?
secretary of state
When was the Office of Federal-State Relations created?
While serving as governor, Ann Richards used her appointive powers to appoint more
The governor's ability to hire and remove heads of state agencies is known as the ______ power.
True or false: The adjutant general of the National Guard is appointed and can be removed by the governor.
The secretary of state's office publishes the ______, the source of official notices or rules, meetings, executive orders, and opinions of the attorney general that are required to be filed by state agencies.
The commissioner for Health and Human Services ______ for eight separate health and welfare programs.
has oversight and review functions
The primary role of Office of State-Federal Relations is
as a liaison between the governor's office and federal officials.
The process known as _________ _________ limits the discretion of governors by forcing them to clear their appointments with the state senator from the appointee's home district.
The main responsibility of the adjutant general of the National Guard is to
direct the state military under the direction of the governor.
The commissioner for Health and Human Services is appointed by the governor for a ______ term
Texas has approximately how many state boards and commissions?
In 2010, Governor Perry became involved in the removal of a member of the Texas Tech Board of Regents because the member was
supporting his rival in the Republican primary.
The Texas governor's military powers come into play in which of the following circumstances?
Fill in the blanks to complete the sentence.
Having control over how money is spent, otherwise known as ___________ powers, allows the governor to exert influence over state policy
How does the secretary of state assume office?
appointed by the governor and approved by the state senate
The state legislature can override a line-item veto by a ______ vote of each house.
Most of the work of state government is carried out by
state boards and commissions.
The Texas constitution was amended in ______ to allow governors to remove some appointees.
What constraints undercut the governor's budgetary authority?
limits on the governor's line-item veto
the fact that funds are already earmarked for certain expenditures
the sharing of budget formation and execution with other entities
When used by the governor, which of the following wields the most influence?
threat of a veto
In which of the following situations can the governor exert control over the budget as part of the Budget Execution Committee?
during a fiscal crisis, such as a revenue shortfall
Members of state boards and commissions are
Appointed by the governor
Fill in the blanks to complete the sentence.
Unlike 40 other states, Texas does not have a formal __________ veto process.
In order to control budget execution, the governor may
use his or her administrative discretion in deciding how money is spent.
The Legislative Budget Board is governed by
Speaker of the House and lieutenant governor.
In Texas, the legislature cannot ______, which increases the the governor's power to veto bills.
call special sessions
Governors' formal powers to force the legislature to enact legislation, especially the veto authority and the power to call special sessions, are referred to as ___________ powers.
Which of the following best describes governors' roles with respect to their political party in Texas?
Governors can influence the choice of party leadership but do not control the party.
The term ______ implies a hierarchy of offices with levels of power leading to a centralized controlling authority.
In which of the following situations can the Budget Execution Committee exercise restraint over the state budget?
When there is a shortfall in projected revenue
Which of the following is the chief duty of the Legislative Budget Board?
producing the state budget
The Texas governor has ______ veto authority.
What best describes Governor George W. Bush's relationship with the state party?
He was largely uninvolved.
Which of the following best describes Texas state government?
decentralized authority residing within many independent state agencies
What tool can governors utilize if they do not like a portion of a proposed bill but generally approve of the bill overall?
Who creates the rules and regulations regarding personnel practices and procedures for Texas state employees?
each individual agency
The Legislative Budget Board is made up of which of the following?
the speaker of the house
the lieutenant governor
What are the five major functional areas of state government?
The role of the Texas governor in budgeting is
The Texas Legislative Council is made up of which of the following?
the lieutenant governor
the speaker of the house
What are the main functions of the state auditor?
Auditing state agencies
Assisting the legislature in oversight
Which of the following is true about the Legislative Reference Library?
It is open to members of the public.
It serves as a depository of records.
Judicial agencies are under the supervision of the
state supreme court.
What are the functions of the Texas Legislative Council?
assisting the legislature in drafting bills
The Legislative Audit Committee consists of the lieutenant governor, the speaker of the house, and
the chairs of two committees from each chamber.
Which of the following assists the legislature in doing research and serves as a depository of records for the legislature?
Legislative Reference Library
Which judicial agency licenses attorneys?
The ______ powers of governors include the ability to issue pardons, executive clemency, and parole for citizens convicted of a crime.
A(n) ______ board or commission is one whose membership is completely or partially made up of designated state officials who are members because of the position they hold.
An example of a multi-appointment board is the
Texas Ethics Commission
When they held the office of governor in Texas, the Fergusons were accused of misusing which power?
pardons and paroles
The Texas _________ Council is a highly professional agency that produces information for the legislature that is made available to the public.
The Texas governor's role in the budgetary process is ______ compared to other states.
The Legislative Audit Committee appoints the
One benefit resulting from establishment of the Sunset Advisory Commission is
improved efficiency in the state government.
True or false: The Legislative Redistricting Board is an ex officio board.
Which elected officials appoint members to the Texas Ethics Commission?
speaker of the house
Which of the following best describes the concept of democratic control among state agencies?
State agencies must be responsible to the people.
The main purpose guiding the Sunset Advisory Commission is to provide ______ to government operations.
The relatively weak executive authority in Texas was established in reaction to what historical event or era?
What is an example of an ex officio board or commission?
Legislative Redistricting Board
Bond Review Board
Budget Execution Committee
The makeup of a multi-appointment board is designed to
ensure that no single individual dominates the selection process.
How important is a governor's popularity in public opinion to his or her informal leadership?
It is very important.
Compared with governors of other states, Texas governors are weak in formal powers, although they have a few key strengths. These strengths are seen in which of the following areas?
tenure of office
In the role of party chief, the governor must
help other politicians in reelection efforts.
raise money for the party.
create a favorable image of the party in the state.
Which of the following is an informal power of the governor that can have an impact on the direction of the state government's legislative agenda and the perception of the public?
command of the news media
In performing ceremonial duties, governors
promote their programs.
can be distracted from other duties.
generate favorable media coverage.
In the role of __________ ___________, governors spend time and energy presenting an active agenda of legislation to the legislature and working to pass that agenda.
Recently, the power and prestige of the office of governor of Texas has been
In giving commencement speeches, making presentations, and cutting ribbons, governors are performing their ______ duties.
In the role of ______ coordinator, governors coordinate activities with other state and federal officials.
In the role of ________ __________ , governors lead their party and aid its development and growth.
In the past, Texas governors have appointed individuals to their staff
based on political loyalty rather than professionalism.
The best approach for a governor to leverage ceremonial duties to pursue his or her agenda is to
When acting as intergovernmental coordinator, governors must
work with federal officials to promote state interests.
Currently, the Texas governor's staff numbers approximately
Which of the following is true of governors' crisis manager role?
Public perceptions of a governor's leadership are affected by this role.
In this role, governors deal with natural or man-made disasters.
Today, governors' staffs typically
Work to keep track of state agencies over which governors have little control.
Gather information and make recommendations on policy changes.
Know in which direction the current Court leans. Who was appointed most recently?
The colonists claimed that their charters granted them protection
If the Texas Legislature grants a particular corporation an exception from a state law, it is called a special bill.
3.1 Define federalism and contrast it with alternative ways of organizing a nation.
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