24 terms

5th Grade Civil War Vocabulary

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Anaconda Plan
union strategy for defeating the Confederacy
Gettysburg Address
famous Civil War speech given by President Lincoln in 1863 at the site of the Battle of Gettysburg
Emancipation Proclamation
statement issued by President Lincoln on January 1, 1863 freeing all slaves in Confederate states still at war with union
blockade
shutting off an area by troops or ships to keep people and supplies from moving in or out
conductor
a leader of a railroad who helped the slaves escape
draft
law that requires men of a certain age to serve in the military, if called
total war
method of warfare used by the Union General Sherman, in which both the opposing army and an enemy's civilian population are targets
assassination
to murder by sudden or secret attack often for politcal reasons
segregation
the practice or policy of creating separate facilities within the same society for the use of a minority group
Jim Crow Laws
any state law discriminating against black persons
13th Amendment
abolished slavery as a legal institution
Reconstruction
the period of re-adjustment following the Civil War
secede
to break away from
border state
state located between the Union and the Confederacy
Compromise of 1850
plan in which California entered the United States as a free state and the Fugitive Slave Law was passed
Union
states that remained loyal to the United States government
free state
state in which slavery was not allowed
Fugitive Law
law which stated that escaped slaves had to be returned to their owners, even if they had reached Northern states where slavery was not allowed
Kansas-Nebraska Compromise
law allowing the people of Kansas and Nebraska to decide whether they would allow slavery in their territory
Underground Railroad
organized, secret system set up to help enslaved people escape from the South to freedom in the North or Canada
sectionalism
loyalty to a section or part of the country rather than to the whole country
slave codes
laws to control the behavior of slaves
Confederacy
government formed by the seven seceding states, also known as the Confederate States of America
slave state
state in which slavery was legally allowed
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