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AP GOPO Chapter 1 Vocab
Terms in this set (17)
The institutions and processes through which policies (government actions) are made for a society.
The process by which we select our governmental leaders and what policies (government actions) these leaders pursue.
Anything government decides to do or decides not to do.
All the activities used by citizens to influence the selection of political leaders or the policies they pursue (voting, protest, civil disobedience).
Groups that have a narrow interest tend to dislike compromise, and often draw membership from people new to politics.
Policy making system
The process by which policy (government action) comes into being and evolves over time. People's interests and concerns create political issues for government policymakers. These issues shape policy, which in turn impacts people, generating more interests, problems and concerns.
The political channels through which people's concerns become political issues on the policy agenda.
The issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and other people actually involved in politics at any given time.
Policy making institutions
The branches of government charged with taking action on political issues (Congress, the President, the Courts).
A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing government so that policy represents and responds to the public's preferences.
A fundamental principal of traditional democratic theory. In a democracy, choosing among alternatives require that the majority's desire be respected.
A principal of traditional democratic theory that guarantees rights to those who do not belong to majorities but allows for their participation.
A theory of government and politics emphasizing that politics is mainly a competition among groups, each one pressing for its own preferred policies.
Elite and class theory
A theory of government and politics contending that societies are divided along class lines and that the upper-class elite will rule; or perhaps should rule.
A cynical theory of government and politics contending that groups are so strong that government is weakened; pluralism gone bad.
A condition that occurs when no coalition is strong enough to form a majority and establish policy. The result is that nothing may get done.
The belief that individuals should be left on their own by the government; a prominent belief in American political thought.
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