Microbiology Exam 3 Vocab.

43 terms by Caronml88

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is a condition in which a body orifice or passage in the body is abnormally closed or absent.

Reverse transcriptase

a polymerase that catalyzes the formation of DNA using RNA as a template


the presence of a virus in the blood stream


an involuntary orienting response; positive or negative reaction to a stimulus source


Expression of glycoproteins on the surface of infected cells triggers the fusion of neighboring cells into multinucleated giant cells


Incubation period may proceed without symptoms (asymptomatic) or may produce nonspecific early symptoms such as fever, head or body ache, or chills


Infectious protein particles that do not have a genome.

Peyer patches

Gut-associated lymphoid tissue present in the wall of the small intestine, especially the ileum.


a benign tumor (as a wart) resulting from an overgrowth of epithelial tissue on papillae of vascularized connective tissue


causing tumors


chronic abnormal enlargement of the lymph nodes (usually associated with disease)


growth in the surface area of a cell by the deposit of new particles between existing particles in the cell wall


A receptor protein built into the plasma membrane that interconnects the extracellular matrix and the cytoskeleton.

Cervical Carcinomas

Cervical cancer is a disease in which the cells of the cervix become abnormal and start to grow uncontrollably, forming tumors


Protein that plays a major role in vesicle formation during receptor mediated endocytosis; forms a coated pit on the plasma membrane


loss of the myelin covering of some nerve fibers resulting in their impaired function


diseases reflect the life cycle of the arthropod vector or its reservoir (e.g., birds)


programmed cell death


the appearance of two or more distinctly different forms in the life cycle of some organisms


vomiting blood


bleeding from the nose


the escape of blood from ruptured blood vessels into the surrounding tissue to form a purple or black-and-blue spot on the skin


virus (CHIKV) is an insect-borne virus, of the genus Alphavirus, that is transmitted to humans by virus-carrying Aedes mosquitoes. Severe and crippling arthritis


glycoprotein found on the surfaces of viruses, that catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal acylneuraminic residues from oligosaccharides, glycoproteins, and glycolipids


Major cell surface glycoprotein; Facilitates binding to host cell receptors and endosomal fusion


inflammation of one or both ovaries


a disease of infants and young children; difficult breathing


inflammation of one or both parotid glands


inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchioles


inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus


eruption on the skin occurring as a symptom of a disease


pain in the eye resulting from exposure to bright light


inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye

Pleurodynia (Bornholm disease)

aka devil's grip, excruciating chest and abdominal pain


vesicular ulcerated lesions around the soft palate and uvula

Bulbar poliomyelitis

more severe, effects pharynx, vocal chords and lungs, 75% death rate


an enzyme used by retroviruses to splice itself to a genome

Kaposi sarcoma

A cancer that causes patches of abnormal tissue to grow under the skin, in the lining of the mouth, nose, and throat or in other organs. The patches are usually red or purple and are made of cancer cells and blood cells


Inhibits proper processing (splicing) and translation of viral mRNA

Nucleoside Analofues

Modification of base, sugar or both

Viral Integrase Inhibitor

antiviral class

Virion Assembly and Release

Glycoprotein processing

Virion Integrity


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