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4th grade chapter 8 - middle west
the movement of a group of people from one region to another
the manufacture of large numbers of goods using identical parts and assembly line methods
a line of workers and machines along which a product is moved as it is made
machines controlled by computers
invented the first motorized vehicle
first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean
a large machine used to harvest crops
a farm or ranch which is combinedwith other businesses, such as food processing
industry that turns crops and livestock into food products
spend most of one's time doing one kind of job
to grow only enough food to live
raise crops and livestock for sale
developement of manufacturing industries
a cone-shaped dwelling traditionally made of animal skins and poles used by Native Americans on the Plains
the edge of a settled area
- made plows from the blade of a saw
- quickly had a growing business making farming tools
Battle of Little Big Horn
Custer vs. Lakota
Custer was greatly outnumbered
1/3 of soldiers died
often called "Custer's Last Stand"
Cheif Sitting Bull
- important Lakota cheif
- did not want war with the government, but refused to give up the land
a large flat-bottomed boat used to travelon rivers in the 1800s
a study wooden vehicle covered with cloth and drawn by horses. used in 1800s
- was a settler, as a child, in the middle west 'frontier'
- became President in 1860
Jean Baptiste Point du Sable
- one of the first French traders to settle in the region
- from Haiti (a French colony)
- his trading post would become the city of Chicago
how the government encouraged settlers to move West
sold land to settlers for as little as $1 per acre
why did pioneers move West
- to get away from growing cities
- build new communities
what did they take?
food, grease bucket, hardware, clothing, a few special belongings, furniture, tools
how did they go West?
1. Conestoga wagons
4. horses carrying belongings
what was life like for Pioneers?
- houses made of sod
- share a bed
- no heat
- made own furniture
- ate corn, beans and potatoes
items to prepare a meal?
- corn, beans, potatoes
- cooked over a firepit, or fireplace
- US Lieutenant Colonel
- June 1876 led 750 soldiers to the Little Bighorn River (to gather info about area)
Lakota war cheif
led warriors to battle with Sitting Bull
- killed buffalo to live (almost their entire economy)
- used all parts of buffalo
- used (wild) horses
- lived in teepees
William F Cody
used rifles for killing
sometimes buffalo were killed for only the hide - wasted the meat
Buffalo used for?
-clothing & teepees with hide
- dried meat/ cooked meat
- rope with hair
- arrowhead & needles with the bones
- spoons and headress with horns
What changes occurred during the 1920s?
"talking pictures" (movies)
economy was booming
how has farm ownership changed?
- use of computers
- machine harvesting
- larger farms because of technology
- 1900s - family owned
- now - big company owned
a kind of huge storage bin
make steel from iron
heating iron in a 'furnace' at 3000F it melts, then mixed with oxygen - forms liquid steel - as it cools it becomes solid (steel)
buy goods from another country
sell goods to another country
what 2 time periods was most of the middle west part of the frontier?
- middle 1800s
- late 1800s
- built into a hill
- not permanent