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Theater ch 3 test

STUDY
PLAY
quality
the individual sound of your particular voice
resonance
the vibrant sound produced when sound waves strike the chambers of the throat, head, nose, and mouth
nasality
when sound becomes dull or blocked; occurs when vowel sounds are diverted from the oral cavity into the nasal cavities, cutting down on resonance and leaving the voice flat
pitch
the relative highness or lowness of the voice at any given time
inflection
variety in pitch which makes the voice musical and interesting
monotone
speaking continuously on one level
volume
the relative strength, force, or intensity with which sound is made
rate
the speed at which words are spoken
diction
the selection and pronunciation of words and their combination in speech
schwa
the vowel sound in an unstressed syllable that is often pronounced as a soft "uh"
voiceless
when there is no vibration of the vocal folds
voiced
when there is a vibration of the vocal folds
pronunciation
requires using the correct vowel and consonant sounds in words
"illusion of the first time"
one of the secrets of giving a sense of spontaneity and freshness to every performance
IPA
International Phonics Alphabet which was created to represent the sounds found in all languages
Plosive consonants
VOICELESS...............VOICED
P as in POP............B as in BOB
T as in TAME..........D as in DAME
K as in KICK...........G as in GAME

AIR STOPPED BY:
Lip against lip
Tip of the tongue against upper gum ridge
Back of tongue against soft palate
Fricative consonants
VOICELESS...............................VOICED
F as in FAN...............................V as in VAN
S as in BUS..............................Z as in BUZZ
SH as in SURE........................ZH as in AZURE
TH as in BREATH............TH as in BREATHE

AIR PASSAGE NARROWED BY:
Upper teeth on lower lip
Front of tongue against upper and lower teeth, which are almost closed
Tip of tongue toward hard palate; teeth almost closed
Tip of tongue against upper teeth
Nasal consonants
M as in MOMMY
NG as in SING
N as in NINE

Mouth closed by lip on lip
Mouth closed by back of tongue on soft palate
Mouth closed by tip of tongue on upper gum
explosive
a sudden, sharp breath pressure. Useful in commands, shouts, loud laughter, and screams
expulsive
when the breath pressure is held steady and the breath is released gradually. Necessary in reading long passages without loss of breath and in building to a dramatic climax
What is the best practice for resonance?
humming with an open, relaxed throat