Terms in this set (23)
The role of the French and Indian War in leading up to the American Revolution
After the colonists and Britain defeated the Indians and the French the newly won land was forbidden to go on, it was a rule from England to the colonists which infuriated them, leading to the revolution because it "started to make the waters rougher"
The goals of the Enlightenment Period
The role of the Enlightenment in American Revolutionary thought
People started to think for themselves and started to become individualized and realize their values and train of thought.
The political arguments of John Locke, Montesquieu, Adam Smith, Voltaire, and Rousseau
John Locke- Individual rights
Montesquieu- Three branches of gov't. Legislative, judicial, and executive.
Adam Smith--He was an advocate of laissez faire (French for 'let do', 'let go', 'let pass'. - often referred to as 'hands off').
-Laissez faire was a theory of the 'natural' laws of economics: business should operate with little or no government interference.
Voltaire- -Advocated freedom of thought, speech, politics, and religion.(Bill Of Rights)
Rousseau-People are basically good but become corrupted by society (like the absolute monarchy in France).
The different attempts by Great Britain at taxing the American Colonies
Intolerable Acts - The Boston Fort Act (Until dumped tea was recovered)
Sugar Act - Tax on sugar and coffee etc, and banned the import of wine and rum.
Townshend Duties- Tax on glass, teas, led, paint, etc.
Stamp Act - Tax on paper goods.
Currency Act- Made them get rid of their currency and gave them coins instead.
The reactions by the American Colonies toward the King's taxes
Protests and riots against the taxes, along with boycott's on some of the items being taxed.
The significance of Lexington and Concord
This battle was an "ego boost" for the American soldiers
This was their first physical battle against their mother country
Why the Battle of Saratoga was a significant turning point
The Americans won because of superior forces
America figured out how to create allies with other countries
Why the Revolution began in the New England states
This was where the heart of trading to place
The population was increasing and was a well established area
This was where all the rebellion and resistance took place
Who was the "Swamp Fox" and what was his contribution to the American Revolution
Francis Marion was the "Swamp Fox". He lead a guerrilla style warfare against the British in South Carolina
Why the Battle of Yorktown was significant
British forces take over Georgia and South Carolina but because of the strange terrain and the new fighting technique that allowed the American fighters to win
What role the French played in the American Revolution
Helped fight against the British
What is meant by the phrase "Shot heard around the world"
The shot heard around the world was the first shot that was fired that started the revolution. It was such a major turning point everyone in the world was symbolized to hear it, since it was going to make such a huge impact.
What was created by the Articles of Confederation
chaos, destruction, lots and lots debt
What weaknesses were found in the Articles
No national currency, no way to make the people pay the taxes. no funds for the militia
Why Shay's Rebellion is considered a significant event in American history
It is considered significant because after all of the farmers rebelled and attempted to take over the arsenal over their farms being repossessed, the decided to repeal the Articles of confederation and create a better set of rules.
What was proposed under the New Jersey Plan (small state plan)
Keep Articles of Confederation, but just amend them one house in Congress
1 vote per state
Congress based taxes on 3/5
Congress regulates trade
What was proposed under the Virginia Plan
strong central government
separation of powers
re proposed Bill of Rights
What was proposed under the British Plan
government related to the British Monarchy
President should be elected for a life term
taxes were necessary
have a treasury was very important to a strong government
Why the Great Compromise is significant
The Great Compromise is significant because it is still in place today; idea of bicameralism (2 houses), 2 per senate, representatives bases on pop.
Why the 3/5 Compromise is significant
It states that 3 out of 5 slaves would be counted as people in the voting process
The South didn't have an advantage to count all the slaves and win votes due to this agreement.
Why some delegates desired the inclusion of a Bill of Rights
The Bill of Rights listed some freedoms that the people have (press, religion, speech, etc- sounds very similar to the 1st Amendment)
What role the Federalists Papers played in the ratification of the Constitution
The Federalists Papers is a series of papers defending the Constitution
Provides an explanation/ analysis of the Constitution including the Separation of Powers
It allowed the public to see what was really going on behind close doors when the leaders were in meetings