Hockenbury Psych Ch. 5 Terms

5.0 (1 review)
Get a hint
Learning
Click the card to flip 👆
1 / 45
1 / 45
Terms in this set (45)
Learning
A process that produces a relatively enduring change in behavior or knowledge as a result of past experience.
Conditioning
The process of learning associations between environmental events and behavioral responses.
Classical Conditioning
The basic learning process that involves repeatedly pairing a neutral stimulus with a response-producing stimulus until the neutral stimulus elicits the same response; also called respondent conditioning or Pavlovian conditioning.
Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS)
The natural stimulus that reflexively elicits a response without the need for prior learning.
Unconditioned Response (UCR)
The unlearned, reflexive response that is elicited by an unconditioned stimulus.
Conditioned Stimulus (CS)
A formerly neutral stimulus that acquires the capacity to elicit a reflexive response.
Conditioned Response (CR)
The learned, reflexive response to a conditioned stimulus.
Stimulus Generalization
The occurrence of a learned response not only to the original stimulus but to other, similar stimuli as well.
Stimulus Discrimination
The occurrence of a learned response to a specific stimulus but not to other, similar stimuli.
Extinction (In Classical Conditioning)
The gradual weakening and apparent disappearance of a conditioned behavior. In classical conditioning, it occurs when the conditioned stimulus is repeatedly presented without the unconditioned stimulus.
Spontaneous Recovery
The reappearance of a previously extinguished conditioned response after a period of time without exposure to the conditioned stimulus.
Behaviorism
School of psychology and theoretical viewpoint that emphasize the scientific study of observable behaviors, especially as they pertain to the process of learning.
Placebo Response
An individual's psychological and physiological response to what is actually a fake treatment or drug; also called placebo effect.
Conditioned Compensatory Response (CCR)
A classically conditioned response in which stimuli that reliably precede the administration of a drug elicit a physiological reaction that counteracts, or is opposite to, the drug's effects.
Taste Aversion
A classically conditioned dislike for and avoidance of a particular food that develops when an organism becomes ill after eating the food.