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Arteriosclerosis occurs when the blood vessels that carry nutrients and oxygen from your heart to the rest of your body become stiff, restricting blood flow. Overtime the walls in the healthy arteries harden. This gradual disease is often labeled as a heart problem but it can affect other arteries in the body. It can be caused by the buildup up of substances like fats in the artery.
Which diagnostic test can you take to see if you have Atherosclerosis?
Ankle-brachial index (for your legs)
Cardiac catheterization and angiogram
Cardiac catheterization and angiogram
Shows if you coronary arteries are blocked or narrow
Atherosclerosis risk factors
An unhealthy diet
Family with heart disease
Symptoms of peripheral artery disease?
Cramping in the hips, thighs or calf muscles
Discoloration of the leg
Weak pulse (on the leg)
Coldness in the legs
What are the symptoms to Atherosclerosis?
Some people will not experience symptoms until an artery is so clogged that it can't supply constant/ sufficient blood to the organs and tissues. This may lead to a stroke or heart attack. Symptoms vary based on the arteries that are affected.
If one has atherosclerosis in one of the heart arteries, they may experience chest pain or angina.
If they have atherosclerosis in one of the arteries leading to the brain, they may experience numbness, slurred speech, difficulty speaking, memory loss, face hard time understanding what people are saying, weak facial muscles, temporary loss of vision in one or both eyes.
If one has atherosclerosis in the arteries leading to the kidneys then they may experience kidney failure.
If one has atherosclerosis in the arteries leading to their arms or legs, they may experience similar symptoms to peripheral artery disease.
What are the causes of Atherosclerosis?
The exact cause is unknown; however, there are some factors that make it worst.
Sources of tobacco
High blood pressure
Inflammation from diseases
Complications to Atherosclerosis?
Complications depend on which arteries are blocked.
Carotid artery disease: This disease develops when arteries near the brain become narrow which can cause a TIA (a mini stroke, when blood flow to the brain is blocked or slowed down).
Peripheral artery disease: This disease develops when atherosclerosis narrows the arteries in your arms or legs. This can cause circulation problems and make you become sensitive to the heat or the cold (more prone to burns or frost bites)
Coronary artery disease: This disease can develop when the arteries close to the heart become narrow. Arteries become narrow if fatty deposits (like plaque) and other cellular products build up. This disease can cause angina, heart failure or an heart attack.
Chronic kidney disease: This disease can be cause when Atherosclerosis causes the arteries leading to your kidneys become narrow. This can affect kidney function, making it hard for waste to leave the body.
People with Atherosclerosis are more prone to aneurysms
Is Atherosclerosis treatable?
Yes and it is also preventable
How can you prevent Atherosclerosis?
To prevent Atherosclerosis you can live a healthy lifestyle.
Maintaining an average weight
What foods should you avoid if you have Atherosclerosis?
Unhealthy foods such as:
Procedures or treatments for Atherosclerosis
Angioplasty and stent placement
Artery is blocked (buildup of plague)
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