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musculoskeletal and neurological systems
Terms in this set (50)
Musculoskeletal consists of: (5 things)
bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles.
support to stand erect, for movement, protect inner vital organs, produce red blood cells (RBC's, WBC's, and platelets in the bone marrow. Reservoir for storage of essential minerals (Ca and phosphorus)
______________is a fixed tightening of muscles due to disuse, atrophy, and shortening of muscles.
This is a correct answer
________ is an accentuated thoracic curve:
what is the name of cranial nerve V and how would you test for it:
Trigeminal; test sensations on forehead, cheek, and chin
which lobe controls personality, behavior, emotions, and intellectual functions.
which patient is considered at high risk for osteoporosis:
a 55 year old woman who just has knee replacement surgery
A patient with rheumatoid arthritis is likely to exhibit pain and stiffness in the:
Joints- it's worse in the morning and improves with activity
system that includes the brain and spinal cord:
CNS central nervous system
governs thought, reasoning, sensation, and voluntary movement:
If a patient had an injury to their temporal lobe you would expect changes in:
hearing, taste and smell
Which lobe is the primary visual reception center and can result in blurred vision/vision loss when impaired?
When damaged in the persons dominant hemisphere, receptive aphasia results; person hears sound but it has no meaning.
how many pairs of spinal and cranial nerves?
12 spinal and 31 cranial
which of the following can be noted through inspection of a patients abdomen?
venous pattern, peristaltic waves and abdominal contour.
right upper quadrant tenderness may indicate pathology in the
liver, pancreas, or ascending colon
hyperactive bowel sounds are
high-pitched, tinkling, rushing
the absence of bowel sounds is established after listening for:
5 full minutes
auscultation of the abdomen may reveal bruits in the_________ arteries
aortic, renal, iliac, and femoral
the normal liver span in the right midclavicular line in the adult is:
the left upper quadrant contains the:
a female patient has striae on the abdomen, which color indicates long standing?
auscultating in the right Lower quadrant because:
bowel sounds are always normal preset there
a dull percussion note forward of the left midaxillary line is:
indicative of splenic enlargement.
shifting dullness is a test for:
tenderness during the abdominal palpation is expected when palpating the:
A positive Blumberg sign indicates:
presence of renal artery stenosis
the medical record indicates that a person has an injury to brocas area, When meeting this person you expect:
the control of body temperature is located in the
to test for stereognosis you would:
place a coin in the persons hand and ask them to identify
during a neurologic examination, the tendon reflex fails to appear. Before striking again you would what technique:
cerebellar function is assessed by which of the following
coordination-hopping on one foot.
to elicit the babinski reflex
stroke the lateral aspect of the sole of the foot from heel to across the ball
a positive babinski sign is
dorsiflexion of the big toe and fanning of all toes
the cremasteric response
is positive when the ipsilateral testicle elevates on stroking of the inner aspect of the thigh
Senile tremors may resemble parkinsonism, except that senile tremors do not include:
rigidity and weakness of voluntary movement
patients who have Parkinson's disease usually have which of the following characteristic styles of speech
the Glasgow coma scale is divided up into three areas: they include:
Eye opening, motor response to stimuli, and verbal response
a 65 year old male has noticed changes in personality and ability to understand. becomes angry easily, lobe responsible is?
during the assessment of the spine, the patient would be asked to:
Flex, extend, abduct, and rotate
This is a correct answer
pronation and supination of the hand and forearm are the result of the articulation of the:
radius and ulna
anterior and posterior stability are provided to the knee joint by the:
anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments
70 yo woman has come for an examination, what is an age related change in the column of the spinal column?
examination of the shoulder includes
forward flexion, internal rotation, abduction, and external rotation.
the bulge sign is a test for
swelling in the suprapatellar pouch
the examiner measures a patients legs for length discrepancy. which is a normal finding?
within 1 cm of each other
a 2yo child comes to the clinic for a health examination. A common finding for this age group is:
a positive phalen test and tinel sign are found in a patient with:
carpal tunnel syndrome
fibrous bands running from one bone to bone that strengthens the joint and help prevent movement in unwanted direction
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