Freud became interested in unconscious personality dynamics when he noticed that certain patients' symptoms
Made no neurological sense
According to Freud, the unconscious is
The thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories, of which we are largely unaware
Which of the following techniques did Freud use to discover the latent content of his patients' dreams?
According to psychoanalytic theory, the part of the personality that strives for immediate gratification of basic drives is the
According to Freud the part of personality that represents our sense of right and wrong and our ideal standards is the
Freud suggested that the id's pleasure-seeking energies focus on distinct pleasure-sensitive areas of the body known as
The Oedipus complex is the term used by Freud to describe
Boys' feelings of guilt and fear of punishment over their sexual desire for their mother
Freud suggested that a boy's identification with his father during the phallic stage illustrates the process of
Gene spends a good deal of time bragging about his numerous sexual exploits. Freud would have suggested that gene is fixated at the _____ stage.
When she was 8 years old, Inge was sexually abused by her uncle. At 14, Inge felt uncomfortable whenever she saw this uncle but was unable to understand why she felt this way. A psychoanalyst would be most likely to suggest that Inge is using the defense mechanism of
The defense mechanism by which people disguise threatening impulses by attributing them to others is called
While Professor Gomez was going through a painful divorce, he tended to create unnecessarily difficult tests and gave his students unusually low grades. A psychoanalyst would be most likely to view the professor treatment of students as an example of
Carl Jung referred to a shared reservoir of memory traces from our species history as the
Abraham Maslow suggested that those who fulfill their potential have satisfied the need for
Carl Rogers referred to an attitude of total acceptance toward another person as
Unconditional positive regard
Humanistic theorists have been criticized for
Underestimating the inherent human capacity for destructive and evil behaviors
Assessing an individual's standing on the Big Five today has the advantage of providing a _____ personality description.
The person-situation controversy involves a debate regarding the influence of ____ and ____ on behavior
The social-cognitive perspective emphasizes the interactive influences of our traits and our
Contemporary psychologists are most likely to consider ____ to be of pivotal importance to personality
The sense of self
Overestimating the extent of which others notice and evaluate our appearance and performance is called
The spotlight effect
Jacinda failed her last history midterm. Which of the following conclusions would be most representative on Jacinda's part?
"I think the test questions were ambiguous and confusing."
Psychiatrists and psychologist label behavior as disordered when it is
Deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional
Ongoing patterns of behavior that are different from those of most other people in your culture are best characterized as
Alexis is socially withdrawn and has few close friends. This behavior is most likely to be diagnosed as a symptom of psychological disorder if it is
Preventing her from function effectively
According to the medical model, psychological disorders are
Sicknesses that need to be diagnosed and cured
The discovery that psychologically disordered behavior could result from syphilis infections facilitated the credibility and acceptance of
The medical model
The medical model of psychologically disordered behavior is most likely to be criticized for neglecting the importance of
Social circumstances and psychological factors
Some psychological disorders occur primarily I one culture. However, _____ occurs worldwide.
One facet of the positive psychology movement has been the introduction of a classification system designed to aid in the performance of
Assessing human strengths
While he was studying, Matthew was suddenly overwhelmed by feelings of instance apprehensions. For several minutes he felt so agitated that he could not catch his breath. Matthew was most likely suffering from
A panic attack
Kaylee is so afraid of spiders and insects that she avoids most outdoor activities and even refuses to go to the basement of her own house alone. Kaylee appears to suffer from
The billionaire aviator Howard Hughes insisted that his assistance carry out elaborate hand-washing rituals and wear white gloves when handling any document he would later touch. His behavior best illustrated the symptoms of
Two years after being brutally beaten and raped Brianna still experiences jumpy anxiety and has trouble sleeping and vivid flashbacks of her assault. Brianna is most clearly showing signs of
Post-traumatic stress disorder
A person attacked by a fierce dog develops a fear of all dogs. This best illustrates
Julius is obsessed with avoiding germs and feels compelled to bathe at least 10 times a day. His therapist suggests that Julius continues his maladaptive bathing because this behavior temporarily reduced his anxiety on many past occasions. The therapist's suggestion most directly reflects a _____ perspective.
Obsessive thoughts typically ______ anxiety and compulsive behaviors typically _____ anxiety.
We can more easily extinguish a fear of driving a car than a fear of holding snakes. This is best explained from a ____ perspective.
During a heated argument with his father, Mike was suddenly unable to move his right arm. Medical examinations are unable to detect a physiological basis for the paralysis. It is likely that Mike suffers from
A conversion disorder
Misinterpreting normal physical sensations as symptoms of a dreaded disease is indicative of
Exhibiting two or more distinct and alternation personalities is a symptom of a(n)
College students were asked to pretend that they were accused murderers. Under hypnosis, they typically expressed a second personality when prompted to do so by the examining psychiatrist. This most strongly suggest that dissociated identity disorder may involve.
Evidence that many DID patients have suffered abuse as children leads some psychologist to include dissociative disorders under the umbrella of
Post-traumatic stress disorder
For the last month, Gabrielle has felt lethargic and has been unable to get out of bed in the morning. She had withdrawn from friends and family because she feels worthless and unlovable. Gabrielle is most likely suffering from
Major depressive disorder
In which disorder do people alternate between states of lethargic hoelessness and wild overexcitment?
Which perspective suggests that depression is a reaction to loss and the internalization of unresolved anger toward parents
Jabar, a 25-year-old auto mechanic, thinks he is Napoleon. He further believes he is being imprisoned against his will in the psychiatric hospital where his relatives have brought him for treatment. Jabar is most likely suffering from
In which type of disorder would a peron's speech likely to be full of unrelated words and phrases that I could be characterized as "word salad"?
Positive symptoms of schizophrenia are the ____ of inappropriate behaviors, and negative symptoms are the ______ of appropriate behaviors.
Schizophrenia that develops rapidly, seemingly as a reaction to stress, is called ____ schizophrenia.
Those with narcissistic personality disorder are likely to be preoccupied with
Their own self-importance
Sasha believes that the questions on school tests are so unrelated to course work that studying is useless. Sasha's belief most clearly illustrates
An external locus of control