Maitz 29 and 30
Terms in this set (86)
Bismarck formed an alliance between Germany and Austria-Hungary and started the triple alliance.
The ruler of Germany who had all power and built up the navy.
the King of the Austro-Hungarian empire who is killed by Serbian Nationalists which started the Great War.
Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Italy
Great Britain, France, and Russia.
The process of glorifying military power and keeping ready for war.
a group of Serbian Nationalists who form a mob who kill Franz Ferdinand
the Serbian assassin who killed Franz Ferdinand
A slavic country who had growing tensions between them and Austria. Eventually killed Austria-Hungary's king which started the great war.
A country which was annexed by Austria and it was in the capital of Bosnia (Serajevo) where
the area which comprised of the Ottoman Empire in which was known for its geopolitical region and was the "powder keg" of Europe.
the Balkan region of Europe which was known for starting conflicts throughtout Europe.
Austria issued an ultimatum toward Serbia which Serbia could not negotiate which caused Russia to mobilize their troops.
Warfare developed by the Germans used unrestricted which got the United States involved in the Great War.
the German Plan of eliminating France quickly and then to mobilize and focus on the East front (Russia).
warfare in which powers dug miles and miles of trenches and fought using poison gas and tanks.
No man's land
the land between trenches where people
Italy, Germany, and Austria
Britain, France, and Russia
a new method of chemical warfare using toxic gas such as mustard gas
A new method of warfare which people fly planes armed with machine guns. Used for reconicansse along with care packages.
a full auto machine gun used in trench warfare.
a heavy duty car with plated armor and fire artilliary
wire which is used to block off parts of a battlefield
western front was Germany against Britain and France and Eastern Front was against Germany and Russia.
German submarine warfare in which the Germans attacked all ships going to Britain. The sinking of the Lusitania caused the U.S. to get involved in the War.
A war in which countries would devote all their supplies to the war effort.
the campaign in which the Allies attacked the Ottoman Empire and the Allies eventually gave up.
cutting off supplies for regular people so that supplies would go to the war effort.
One-sided information to persuade people.
an agreement to stop fighting
a note to the Spanish asking them to attack the U.S. in an effort to gain their land back.
A British liner that was attacked and about 100 U.S. citizens were killed which pulled the U.S. into Conflict.
Laurence of Arabia who was a British Army officer who helped the Arabs revolt against the Ottoman Empire.
Brest - Litovsk
the treaty between Germany and Russia which ended conflict between the two groups.
Versailles (Treaty of)
a treaty after the WWI which put extensive war reparations on Germany and also rided them of their colonies by giving them to the League of Nations as mandates.
Wilson's Fourteen points were ways of achieving a lasting peace which involved free trade, free travel over seas, and smaller militaries.
League of Nations
a council established near the end of WWI which is an international association of countries who work together to achieve a lasting peace.
the "war guilt" clause made Germany give up its territories to the league of nations and gave them to the Allies
the idea that the people should choose what kind of government they should live under.
the leader of France
the leader of England
the president of the United States
the leader of Italy
"Peace built on Quicksand"
the Versailles treaty did not establish a lasting peace and created a nationalistic feeling among Germany and other countries and it eventually caused war.
the "war guilt clause"
territories which are looked after by the league of nations and are given independence when the League of Nations sees that it is fit to do so.
leader of the Russian Communist Party who establishes the commuinst government in Russia and establishes a good economy.
leader of the temporary democracy after Czar Nicholas II was kicked out of power.Nicholas II: the czar who angered the people by getting involved with WWI, he killed protesters who were against him, and he held total control.
the Communist leader after Lenin who initiated the 5 year plans to raise the economy (successful) and held total control and lead purges to eliminate potential threats to his power.
the proletariat revolt against the autocracy which causes Nicholas to abdicate his thrown.
a group of radical communists who were led by Lenin
the small council which was made to give more freedom to the people but Nicholas II dissolved it in 10 weeks.
systems of riots and hate crimes against groups of people of race and religion
set up after Nicholas abdicated but did not do much because of the rise of Lenin.
the treaty between the Germans and the Russians which gave much of Russia's land to the German allies.
New Economic Policy
Lenin allowed small private businesses to keep up commerce and then Stalin initiated the 5 year plans which boosted Russian economy greatly
The railroad built between the eastern part of the Russian empire to the western part of the empire.
the United Soviet Socialist Republic (term for Russia)
the party which believed that all people are equal and that government should be run by the people. Started in Russia and eventually went to China and North Korea.
rich private farmers who disagreed with giving up their farms. Russians took their farms and killed most of them.
Five Year Plans
economic plans initiated by Stalin to raise economy
the idea that the government or one person has total control of people's lives.
systematic elimination of potential government threats by sending them to labor camps or killing them.
the method of economy in which the government made all political decisions
the method of limiting information and thought so people would be unknowing.
farms led by the people which produced food which was distributed
the physical instruction of government beliefs so people will all think the same
League of Militant Godless
a government sponsored group of atheists which used propaganda to attack religion.
the Chinese nationalist party who pushed for modernization and nationalism
the first leader of the nationalist party who is regarded as the father of modern China. Established the three principles of the people and overthrew the last Qing emperor.
the dynasty overthrown before the rise of the nationalist party
Three principles of the people
"nationalism, people's rights, and people's livelihood."
May Fourth Movement
3,000 angry students gathered in Tiananmen calling for Communism
the early leader of the Communist movement in China. Lead the Long March and led the red army
the leader of the nationalist party who was corrupt and ineffective and got in a civil war with the Communists and was haulted by the Japanese invasion.
The Long March
the Communists march 6,000-miles in an effort to evade the Nationalist forces.
Describe aspects of the USSR as a totalitarian state.
Limited knowledge by using censorship and used indoctrination in schools to created a strong Communist youth who would have allegiance to the party. Attacked the Orthodox Church and sponsored Atheism. Used purges to eliminate intellectuals and free-thinkers who would pose a threat to the ideals of the Party.
Explain why we call it a world war (how did it go global - what happened?
It involved all the major powers such as France, Great Britain, Russia, Austria-Hungary, the United States, and the Germans. Everyone wanted to pay attention to who was winning and how the war effect many countries such as alliances, land distribution, and nationalism.
Total war and its effects on society
Propaganda motivated countries to participate in the war effort in order for the country to supply the conflict. It helped create a total war because it made people believe that they had to support their country by participating in the war effort. Rationing helped the war effort because it allowed more supplies go toward the effort (to the soldiers on the front lines). During the WWI, women's roles increased because men were all out to the wars so the Women took up jobs such as engineers and builders to manufacture weapons and tanks as well as taking care of things at home.
Western v.s. Eastern Fronts
Western front involved trench warfare where armies would stand off whereas on the Eastern Front, the Russians and Serbs were fighting Germans and Austrians. Both sides had many losses and the war took place on the border between Germany and Russia.
Changing technology - difference between how people thought it would impact the war and how it actually did
People thought that because of the new technology, the war would go by fast and quickly. Actually, the new technology created many standoffs where armies would not fight but would just wait for someone to make a move.
Describe trench warfare in great detail
Trench warfare was a long and grueling method of warfare which created many standoffs between armies. Men would have to live in the trenches where it was very unsanitary and would be filled with dead bodies.
Diplomacy - Alliance system
Alliances disrupted diplomacy through altering the balance of power between countries. Countries would ally with other countries who would be loyal to them.
Sequence of events leading to war
Serbia wants enfluence in Bosnia so black hand kills frans. Ferd.
Austira gives Serbia an ultimatum
Serbia rejects and it and Austria declares on Serbia
Russia declares Austria
Russia mobilized so Germany declared on Russia
They also declared War on France
Germany throught Belgium to get France
Britian was allied with France (secret) so going throuhg neutral country Belgium brought them into war
Germany sent telegram to Mexico to attack US so US joined also due to the U-Boat
During war Germany was losing on Western Front but on Eastern Front Russia lost
Russia Signed a treaty with Germany
How nationalism and Imperialism contributed to militarism and conflict
Nationalism caused countries to want to separate from other countries (Austria-Hungary and Serbia). It created alliances between countries because of people of the same ethnicity (Russian and Serbia). Imperialism contributed to militarism because imperialism was a way to show how vast one's empire was and militarism was a method of controlling vast empires and show of ones military prowess.