Chapter 5: Everything's an Argument
Terms in this set (19)
Ad Hominem Argument
A fallacy of an argument in which a writer's claim is answered by irrelevant attacks on his or her character.
An extended comparison between something unfamiliar with something less familiar for the purpose of illuminating or dramatizing the unfamiliar.
A fallacy of argument in which a course of action is recommended on the grounds that everyone else is following it.
Begging the Question
A fallacy of argument in which a claim is based on the very grounds that are in doubt or dispute.
A fallacy of argument in which a claim is supported on the grounds that it is the only conclusion acceptable within a given community.
A fallacy of argument in which a complicated issue is misrepresented as often only two possible alternatives, one of which is often made to seem vastly preferable to the other.
A fallacy of argument in which a lie is given the appearance of truth, or in which the truth is misrepresented in deceptive language.
Fallacy of Argument
A flaw in the structure of an argument that renders its conclusion invalid or suspect.
A fallacy of argument in which a claim is based on the expertise of someone who lacks appropriate credentials.
A fallacy of argument in which a comparison between two objects or concepts is inaccurate or inconsequential.
A fallacy of argument making the unwarranted assumption that because one event follows another, the first event causes the second and forms on the basis of many superstitions.
A fallacy of argument in which an inference is drawn from insufficient data.
A fallacy of argument in which claims, reasons, or warrants fail to connect logically; one point doesn't follow another.
A fallacy of argument in which a writer abruptly changes the topic in order to distract readers from potentially objectionable claims.
A fallacy of argument presenting an issue in terms of exaggerated threats or dangers.
A fallacy of argument in which an appeal is based on excessive emotion.
A fallacy of argument exaggerating the possibility that a relatively inconsequential action or choice today will have serious adverse consequences in the future.
Stacking the Deck
A fallacy of argument in which the writer shows only one side of the argument.
A fallacy of argument in which an opponent's position is misrepresented as being more extreme than it actually is, so it is easier to refute.
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