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Black Students and Educators at Confederate Named Schools

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General "Stonewall" Jackson (1824-1863)
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Nickname given to General Thomas Jackson, who served in the Confederate army. He was vital to Confederate successes during the early part of the Civil War, particularly the Battle of Bull Run in 1861. He was able to hold the larger Union forces back until reinforcements arrived and eventually defeated the Union Army. For his ability to keep his soldiers standing strong in the face of the Union Army, he was given his nickname.
Image: General "Stonewall" Jackson (1824-1863)
Term referring to middle school students who live in cities with high population densities in the Appalachian region. This region is in the Eastern part of the United States and follows the spine of the Appalachian Mountains. Although the region is typically thought of as rural, 60% of the people who live in this region live in cities.
Image: Urban Appalachian Youth
During the colonial period and after independence, the system of forced labor known as slavery was employed throughout the United States. In 1865 after the end of the Civil War, the 13th Amendment was passed, amending the Constitution to declare that “neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall exist,” thus ending the practice of slavery. Children born following the ratification of the 13th Amendment were free. “Descendent” means to be related by blood, so generations of Black people in America whose relatives were enslaved would accurately be described as descendants of enslaved people.
A deep gut-level feeling. This reaction might come from a person’s subconscious; the individual might not be able to explain the source of the strong reaction. In the context of the article, the author points out that she had this strong feeling when walking by a school she knew was glorifying a person who had supported slavery.
Sign typically on the roof of a building to bring attention to ideas or events that the owner wants to emphasize in order to influence the public. Within the context of the reading, the author’s point of view is that the school’s marquee message of “Respect and Responsibility” is hypocritical. From this perspective, if the school district were being respectful and responsible, it would change the school’s name to one that is not associated with the Confederate fight to maintain the institution of slavery.