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41 terms

Lab values

STUDY
PLAY
normal PH level
7.35-7.45
acidosis
<7.4
Metabolic acidosis causes
DKA, lactic acidosis, severe diarrhea, renal failure
Alkylosis
>7.4
metabolic alkylosis causes
hypokalemia, chronic and high volume gastric suctioning, chronic vomiting, mercurial diuretics
INR
2.0-3.0 or 2.5-3.5
normal glucose level
70-105 can be as high as 120-130 after eating
increased glucose level
DM, acute stress response, cushing's syndrome, chronic renal failure, pneochromocytoma, acute pancreatitis, corticosteroid therapy
decreased glucose level
inulinoma, hypothyroidism, hypopituitarism, addison's disease, extensive liver disease, starvation
hct female (hematocrit-part of CBC)
37-48
hct male (hematocrit-part of CBC)
45-52
increased hct
congenital heart disease, dehydration, diarrhea, burns, eclampsia
decreased hct
anemia, cirrhosis, hemorrhage, dietary deficiency, malnutrition, leukemia
RBC male (part of CBC)
4.5-6.0
RBC female (part of CBC)
4.0-5.0
hgb male (hemaglobin-part of CBC)
13.5-18.0
hgb female (hemaglobin-part of CBC)
12.0-16.0
WBC (part of CBC)
5000-10000
neutrophils (part of CBC)
50%-70%
Basophils (part of CBC)
0.5%-1.0%
Lymphocytes (part of CBC)
25%-35%
Monocytes (part of CBC)
4%-6%
PaCO2
35-45
HCO3 (bicarb)
24-28
ALT (alanine aminotransferase-liver function)
10-35
albumin (liver function, measure of protein in the blood)
3.5-5
ALP (alkaline phosphatase-liver function)
42-136
Amylase (pancreas)
11-35
Lipase(pancreas)
20-180
CKMB (heart)
normal 0% begins to rise in 4-6 hrs, remains elevated for 3 days
Myoglobin (heart)
Normal level: <90 elevated at 2 hours, lasts 24 hours
Triponin I (heart-most reliable)
<0.03 Normal rises 3 hours, lasts 7 days
Triponin T (heart-most reliable)
<0.2 rises 3-5 hours, lasts 7-10 days
BUN (Kidney)
5-25
Creatinine (kidney)
0.5-1.5
cholesterol
<200
moderate risk 200-240 high risk >240
triglycerides
10-150
urine PH (included in UA)
4.5-8.0
Urine specific gravity (included in UA)
1.005-1.030
HDL
>40
LDL
<130