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Part 1: A long and illustrious history
Terms in this set (49)
Who were the first people to live here? And when did they live here?
Hunter-gatherers; the Stone Age
When did Britain became permanently separated from mainland Europe by the Channel?
10,000 years ago - before this people came and went over the land bridge following herds of deer and horses
When did the first farmers arrive in Britain?
6,000 years ago
Where were the ancestors of the first farmers from?
What did the first people build on the land?
Houses, tombs and monuments
Name a monument the first people built in England. Where is it? What was it for?
Stone Henge; County of Wiltshire; probably a gathering place for seasonal ceremonies
Name the best preserved prehistoric village in northern Europe.
Skara Brae, Orkney (off the north coast of Scotland). It has helped archaeologists understand more about the stone age.
When did people learn to make bronze?
Around 4,000 years ago
Where did people live in the bronze age?
What were bronze age tombs called?
What did the people of the Bronze age make?
Many beautiful objects in bronze and gold - including tools, ornaments and weapons.
What followed the Bronze Age?
The Iron Age, when people learned how to make tools and weapons out of iron
Where did people live in the Iron Age?
Roundhouses grouped together into larger settlements
What did Iron Age people sometimes defend?
Name the location of an Iron Age Hill Fort that can still be seen today.
Maidencastle, in the English county of Dorset
What were most people in the Iron Age?
Farmers, craft workers or warriors
What language did the Iron Age people speak?
Celtic (or in the Celtic family)
Who made the first coins in Britain?
Iron Age people - the coins were inscribed with the names of Iron Age kings
Julius Caesar led an unsuccessful invasion of Britain in which year?
Emperor Claudius led a successful invasion in which year?
Name a tribal leader who fought against the Romans, her tribe and her location.
Boudicca, queen of the Iceni, Eastern England
Where is there a statue of Boudicca?
Westminster Bridge, London
Where did Emperor Hadrian build a wall? To keep who out?
North of England; the Picts (ancestors of the Scottish people)
Name the forts of Hadrian's wall (a UNESCO site) that can still be seen.
Housesteads and Vindolanda
How long did the Romans remain in Britain?
What did the Romans do in Britain?
Built roads and public buildings; created a structure of law; introduced new plants and animals
When did the first Christian communities appear in Britain?
In the 3rd and 4th centuries AD
When did the Roman army leave Britain? And why?
AD 410; to defend other parts of the empire
Who invaded Britain after the Romans left?
Tribes from Northern Europe including the Jutes, the Angles and the Saxons. The languages they spoke are the basis of modern English.
When were Anglo Saxon kingdoms established in Britain (mainly England)?
Name a burial place of an Anglo Saxon king. With what and in what was he buried?
Sutton Hoo, Suffolk; He was buried with treasure and armour in a ship that was later covered by a mound of Earth
Name the areas that remained free of Anglo-Saxon rule.
Parts of Western Britain (including Wales) and Scotland
From where did the missionaries that spread Christianity in the North come? Name some famous examples.
Ireland; St. Patrick (patron saint of Ireland) and St. Columba (founded a monastery on the island of Iona off the coast of Scotland
Who led missionaries from Rome, who spread Christianity in the South? And what did he later become?
St. Augustine; the first Archbishop of Canterbury
Where did the Vikings come from?
Norway, Denmark, and Sweden
When did the Vikings first visit Britain? And what for?
AD 789; to raid coastal towns and take away goods and slaves
Where did the Vikings stay and begin to form their own communities?
in the East of England and Scotland
Under what Anglo-Saxon king did the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms in England unite to defeat the Vikings?
King Alfred the Great
Name the area in which many Viking invaders stayed.
Danelaw (place names there such as Grimsby and Scunthorpe come from the Viking language
What did the Vikings who stayed do?
Mixed with the local communities and some converted to Christianity.
Name the first Danish king.
Cnut or Canute
Under who did the people in the North unite to defend against the Viking threat?
Kenneth MacAlpin - after this the term Scotland started to be used.
When did the Normans invade? Who were they led by?
1066; William, Duke of Normandy
Who did William, Duke of Normandy, defeat? At what battle? What did he became known as?
Harold; Battle of Hastings; William the Conqueror
What is the tapestry that commemorates the battle of Hastings called? How long is it?
Bayeux tapestry; 70 metres
What changes did the Norman conquest bring about in England?
Many changes in government and social structures
Did the Normans conquer Wales?
Initially but the Welsh gradually won back territory
Did the Normans conquer Scotland?
They fought at the English border but only obtained some land at the border.
What was the book William the Conqueror commissioned called? And what did it include?
The Doomsday book; A list of all the towns and villages in Scotland, who lived there, who owned the land and what animals they owned
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
life in the uk
Life in the UK - people
Life in the UK - Timeline
What is the UK?
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