How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Ch 8-Key Terms-Art of Massage

STUDY
PLAY
Active movements
are initiated and powered by the individual him/her self
Passive movements
movements initiated and controlled by another person, while the recipient remains totally relaxed and receptive
Assisted movements
a person initiates the movement, while another person helps him or her complete it
Resisted movements
a person initiates the movement, while a second person offers resistance, thereby challenging the muscles used
Mobilizing techniques
or free joint movements are nonspecific passive movements applied within the normal range of motion
Stretching
type of joint movement applied to the limit of a joint's normal range in a specific direction;I t elongates muscles & connective tissues that cross the joint; used to increase flexibility at the joint & for muscle relaxation
4 basic methods of stretching
1. simple static stretch
2. contract-relax-stretch (CRS)
3. CRS using reciprocal inhibition
4. active assisted stretch
Simple static stretch
type of passive stretch characterized by slow, sustained and even application
Contract-relax-stretch
practitioner gets into position to apply the stretch, but first asks the client to contract the muscle to be stretched against resistance (resisted movement). Immediately following the targeted muscle's relaxation, the stretch is applied
Reciprocal inhibition
practitioner gets into position to apply the stretch, but first asks the client to contract the target muslce's antagonist against a resistance. The target muscle relaxes as its antagonist contracts. Immediately following the antagonist's relaxation, the stretch is applied
Active assisted stretch
practitioner gets into position to apply the stretch and then directs the recipient to actively move the body part in the desired direction. The practitioner then assists the stretch, providing additional force in the direction of the movement.