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movements initiated and controlled by another person, while the recipient remains totally relaxed and receptive
a person initiates the movement, while another person helps him or her complete it
a person initiates the movement, while a second person offers resistance, thereby challenging the muscles used
or free joint movements are nonspecific passive movements applied within the normal range of motion
type of joint movement applied to the limit of a joint's normal range in a specific direction;I t elongates muscles & connective tissues that cross the joint; used to increase flexibility at the joint & for muscle relaxation
4 basic methods of stretching
1. simple static stretch
2. contract-relax-stretch (CRS)
3. CRS using reciprocal inhibition
4. active assisted stretch
practitioner gets into position to apply the stretch, but first asks the client to contract the muscle to be stretched against resistance (resisted movement). Immediately following the targeted muscle's relaxation, the stretch is applied
practitioner gets into position to apply the stretch, but first asks the client to contract the target muslce's antagonist against a resistance. The target muscle relaxes as its antagonist contracts. Immediately following the antagonist's relaxation, the stretch is applied
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