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40 terms

Chapter 16: Treatment of Psychological Disorders

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Psychotherapy
The treatment of psychological disorders through talking and other psychological methods
Psychiatrists
Medical doctors who have completed special training in the treatment of psychological disorders
Psychologists
Among therapists, those whose education includes completion of a master?s or (usually) a doctoral degree in clinical or counseling psychology, often followed by additional specialty training.
Psychoanalysis
A method of psychotherapy that seeks to help clients gain insight by recognizing and understanding unconscious thoughts and emotions.
Free Association
Freud asked patients to lie on a couch and report whatever thoughts, memories, or images came to mind
Insight
Classical psychoanylitc treatment aims first to help troubled people gain ______ into their problems by recognizing unconsious thoughts and emotions
"Freudian Slip"
If a patient mistakenly used the name of a former ex girlfriend while talking about his wife Freud might wonder if the patient unconsiously regrets his marriage
Client -centered therapy
A therapy that allows the client to decide what to talk about, without direction, judgment, or interpretation from the therapist.
emapthy
The therapist?s attempt to appreciate and understand how the world looks from the client?s point of view
reflection
An active listening method in which a therapist conveys empathy by paraphrasing clients? statements and noting accompanying feelings.
congruence
A consistency between the way therapists feel and the way they act toward clients.
Gestalt Therapy
An active treatment designed to help clients get in touch with genuine feelings and disown foreign ones.
Behavior Therapy
Treatments that use classical conditioning principles to change behavior.
Behavior Modification
Treatments that use operant conditioning methods to change behavior.
Cognitive -Behavior Therapy
Learning-based treatment methods that help clients change the way they think, as well as the way they behave
Systematic Desensitization
A behavioral treatment for anxiety in which clients visualize a graduated series of anxiety-provoking stimuli while remaining relaxed.
Exposure Techniques
Behavior therapy methods in which clients remain in the presence of strong anxiety-provoking stimuli until the intensity of their emotional reactions decrease.
Flooding
An exposure technique for reducing anxiety that involves keeping a person in a feared, but harmless, situation
Modeling
Demonstrating desirable behaviors as a way of teaching them to clients.
Assertiveness and Social Skills Training
Methods for teaching clients how to interact with others more comfortably and effectively.
Positive Reinforcment
A therapy method that uses rewards to strengthen desirable behaviors.
Extinction
The gradual disappearance of a conditioned response or operant behavior through nonreinforcement
Punishment
A therapy method that weakens undesirable behavior by following it with an unpleasant stimulus.
Aversion Conditioning
A method that uses classical conditioning to create a negative response to a particular stimulus.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy
Learning-based treatment methods that help clients change the way they think, as well as the way they behave.
Rational -emotive behavior therapy (REBT)
A treatment designed to identify and change self-defeating thoughts that lead to anxiety and other symptoms of disorder.
Cognitive Restructuring
Behavioral techniques aimed at replacing upsetting thoughts with alternative thinking patterns
Stress Inoculation Training
Clinets imagine being in a stressful situation then practice newly learned cognitive skills to remain calm
Cognitve Therapy
A treatment in which the therapist helps clients to notice and change negative thoughts associated with anxiety and depression.
Cognitive Disortions
Beck's treatment approach is based on the idea that certain psychologcial disorders especially those involving depression and anxiety can be traced to errors in logic
Mindfulness -based cognitve therapy
Some cognitve therapists encourage clinets to use traditional eastern practices such as meditation to help monitor problematic thoughts
Group Therapy
Psychotherapy involving several unrelated clients
Family Therapy
Treatment of two or more individuals from the same family
Couples Therapy
A form of therapy focusing on improving communication between partners
Psychotherapy
treatment of psychological disorders through talking and other psychological methods.
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
Brief electrical shock administered to the brain, usually to reduce depression that does not respond to drug treatments.
Neuroleptics
Drugs that alleviate the symptoms of severe disorders such as schizophrenia.
Antidepressants
Drugs that relieve depression
Lithium and Anticonvulsants
Mood stabalizer: could prevent the mania associated with bipolar disorder if take reguarly. Divalproex, lamotrigine have been used as an alternative, have fewer side effects, less dangerous at higher doses, and easier to regulate
Community Psychology
A movement to minimize or prevent psychological disorders through changes in social systems and through community mental health programs