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Andrew Jackson

leader of the original democratic party and known as the "President of the People".

John C. Calhoun

Senator from South Carolina who spoke up for the South

Henry Clay

Senator and Congressman from Kentucky, known as the "Great Compromiser"

Daniel Webster

Massachusetts Congressman who stood up for the North

Jefferson Davis

president of the Confederacy

Ulysses S. Grant

General of the Union Army who won the Civil War for the North

Robert E. Lee

General of the Confederate Army

Thomas Paine

wrote the pamphlets Common Sense and The Crisis to encourage American independence

Alexander Hamilton

leader of the Federalist Party, 1st Secretary of the Treasury

James Madison

known as the "Father of the Constitution"

Frederick Douglass

former slave who became the best-known black abolitionist

James Monroe

author of the Monroe Doctrine, stated that US would not allow European countries to recolonize in the western hemisphere

Harriet Tubman

conductor of the Underground Railroad

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

organized the Seneca Falls Convention creating the Women's Right Movement in the US

Horace Mann

known as the "Father of Education"

James Oglethorpe

founded the colony of Georgia as a refuge for debtors and a buffer between Spanish Florida and the other colonies

William Penn

founder of Pennsylvania, promised religious freedom to all especially Quakers

54th Massachusetts Regiment

African American regiment during the Civil War that played a key role in the attack on Fort Wagner

John Wilkes Booth

the man responsible for the murder of Abraham Lincoln

George Mason

an Anti-Federalist who strongly opposed the ratification of the Constitution

Marybury v. Madison

the court decision that gave the Supreme Court the power of judicial review

Dred Scott V. Sanford

Supreme Court decision that slaves were property and not citizens

cotton gin

an invention by Eli Whitney that speeded up the cleaning of cotton fibers, increasing the need for slaves


successful use of this invention by Robert Fulton that revolutionized trade and transportation in the U.S.

interchangeable parts

process developed by Eli Whitney that called for making each vital part of a product exactly the same

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