Terms in this set (29)
What is a sentence
forms a complete thought, begins with a capital letter, ends with an end mark, and has a subject and predicate.
WHO or WHAT performs an action(subject) and what the action is or does(predicate)
tells who or what a sentence is about
(one word) the noun or pronoun that tells who or whom the sentence is about
simple subject + words that describe the subject`
tells important things about the subject
(one word) the verb that tells what the subject does, has, or is
simple predicate + the complete details of the WHAT the subject does, has, or is
makes a request or command, and ends with a . or !
asks a question and ends with a ?
expresses strong feelings and end with an !
makes statements, ends with a .
a group of words with its own subject and verb
expresses a complete though / idea synonym for a sentence
dependent / subordinate clause
part of a sentence/NOT a complete thought
2+ words that add details or ties facts together to make a sentence more interesting, descriptive, or informative
connects words, groups of words, and whole sentences
FANBOYS (mnemonic devise)
for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
noun(s) or pronoun(s) placed after another noun or pronoun to identify, rename, or explain it
contains a subject and predicate, has complete thought, consists of one single statement, can be one word, can have a single subject & a single or compound verb or a compound verb
contains 2+ independent clauses, each clause has to be able to stand alone because it has its own subject and independent verb (predicate), two related sentences can be combined, 2 independent clauses that can be combined with coordinate conjunctions are and, but/yet, or , other parts of speech can join 2 independent clauses BUT has to have a SEMI-COLAN
1 independent clause & 1+ dependent clause that can't stand alone, independent clause = stand alone complete sentence because has a complete thought, dependent clause/subordinate clause = can't stand alone not a complete sentence, subordinate = certain parts of speech, TO FORM - conjunctions connect dependent clause to their independent clauses, comma after dependent & before independent
although, as, because, before, if, since, that, unless, until, until, after, as if, as though, even though, even if, as soon as, and so that
a group of words that do NOT express a complete thought, miss either subject or predicate, TO FIX - add info to complete thought, combine with another sentence
2+ sentences incorrectly written as one, may be missing punctuation or a conjunction, TO FIX - form two simple sentences, add in correct punctuation and/or conjunctions
fixing the broken record
beginning sentences in different ways
separating the grocery list
separate adjectives into multiple sentences
changing the subject
starting with an object of the sentence
checking for clarity
using more words than necessary, not following a pattern, describing words not near words described