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6 Types of Government/Advantages & Disadvantages
Terms in this set (20)
~form of government in which political power is held by a single ruler such as a king or queen (Saudi Arabia)
~one of the oldest forms of government
~inherited power; authority to rule is passed down through families
Monarchy Advantages (3)
1. Decisions are carried out on his word alone (no fighting or bickering)
2. Clear line of succession
3. Can inspire GREAT loyalty among the people, creating a strong bond to hold a nation together.
Monarchy Disadvantages (2)
1. Varying quality of hereditary leaders (a great leader may be followed by one that is not so great)
2. Difficult for a monarch to run a modern nation (the job has become simply too big for just any one but the great monarchs to do well)
~Form of government in which the leader usually takes over by military force and has all of the power (China, Cuba, North Korea)
~may be led by a single person OR small group of military officers or political leaders
Dictatorship Advantages (2)
1. Power centralized in a single person (more efficient)
2. Complete control of the military and police; can put an end to political unrest and maintain peace and order
Dictatorship Disadvantages (2)
1.Dictators can abuse citizens who oppose his rule
2.Citizens may demand that the dictator return control to elected officials ***This can lead to riots or civil wars
~government controlled by religious leaders
Theocracy Advantages (2)
1. Single state-supported religion encourages political and social unity.
2. Ensures that leaders make their decisions in line with their citizens values and beliefs
Theocracy Disadvantages (2)
1. Making sure everyone follows the teaching of one religion can be hard.
2. Citizens who do not believe in the religion of the majority can have their rights abused.
~the constitution only allows ONE political party to govern (China, Cuba, North Korea, Vietnam)
Single-Party State Advantages (1)
1. Avoids bickering between different political parties.
**Makes passing laws and carrying out government programs easier.
Single-Party State Disadvantages (2)
1. Views of party members may be very different from the interest of the people as a whole leading to unrest.
2.People with different political views are often completely shut out of the political process. ***They feel their voices are not heard.
~Form of government in which people vote for the legislative body, which in turn selects the prime minister. (Japan, Canada, New Zealand, Australia)
Parliamentary Democracy Advantages (3)
1. Combines the legislative and executive branches.
2. Since the legislature and the prime minister come from the same party its easier to pass legislation.
3. Prime minister controls the executive branch, which means legislation can quickly become law.
Parliamentary Democracy Disadvantages (3)
1. Lack of separation of executive and legislative branches means the prime minister is VERY powerful.
2. Prime Minister may lack the support of the ELECTED president.
3. Considered easily UNSTABLE.
~Form of democratic government in which a president heads the executive branch (USA, France)
Presidential Democracy Advantages (3)
1.President is directly elected by the people; which makes him more responsive to the people.
2.Separates executive and legislative powers; allows each branch to watch the other branches to prevent any abuse of power.
3. Fixed terms allows more STABLE system.
Presidential Democracy Disadvantages (3)
1.Almost impossible to remove a president from power before their terms end.
2. Hard to reach an agreement when presidents are NOT from the political party that CONTROLS the legislature.
3.Some presidents establish Authoritarian Regimes