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AP culture Unit
Terms in this set (53)
A repetitive act performed by a particular individual
Practice routinely followed by a group of people.
Beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people.
Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.
Culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics.
The region from which innovative ideas originate
The process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time
the arrangement of a feature in space
an attempt to damage or disrupt computer systems or electronic networks operated by computers
any tool or service that uses the internet to facilitate conversations
the contact and interaction of one culture with another
the restriction of a culture from outside influences
human speech, spoken or written
used in education, work, mass media, and government
A language spoken in daily use with a literary tradition that is not widely distributed.
a language that is spoken in daily use but that lacks a literary tradition
Used in face-to-face communication but is losing users
language at risk of falling out of use entirely
a group of similar languages
A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago.
A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.
The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.
Language used in social settings
a language in danger of dying
the belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power, especially a personal God or gods.
A monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior.
A religion based on the teachings of the prophet Mohammed which stresses belief in one god (Allah), Paradise and Hell, and a body of law written in the Quran. Followers are called Muslims.
the monotheistic religion of the Jews.
A religion and philosophy developed in ancient India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being who takes many forms
the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth
a monotheistic religion founded in Punjab in the 15th century by Guru Nanak.
A person who denies the existence of God
(n.) one who believes that nothing can be known about God; a skeptic; (adj.) without faith, skeptical
A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location.
religion that is identified with a particular ethnic or tribal group.
the practice of contacting the spirit world
Belief in one God
Belief in many gods
an ideal community built around a religious way of life
Locally Autonomous Religions
A religion that does not have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates informally.
A religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control.
Identity with a group of people that share distinct physical and mental traits as a product of common heredity and cultural traditions.
Identity with a group of people who are perceived to share a physiological trait, such as skin color.
Belief that one race is superior to another
native to a certain area
a small area occupied by a distinctive minority culture
working and middle-class white people move away from racial-minority suburbs or inner-city neighborhoods to white suburbs and exurbs
A social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites in South Africa
the status of belonging to a particular nation
Process in which more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region
Deliberate extermination of a racial or cultural group
containing many ethnic groups
Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities
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