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20 terms

Endocrine System

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Gland in the brain that is the control center for all regulatory activities of the body
hypothalamus
Condition in which levels of thyroid hormones in the blood are very low
hypothyroidism
Helps regulate when you sleep at night and when you wake in the morning
melatonin
Master gland, makes hormones that control several other endocrine glands
pituitary
Hormone that reproductive glands produce for females
estrogen
two hormones produces by the pancreas
insulin and glucagon
gland produces hormones that control the rate at which cells produce energy
thyroid
four tiny glands that function together that release hormones that regulates calcium levels
parathyroid
adrenal cortex produce this hormone
corticosteroids
the inner part of the adrenal gland
medulla
hormone that reproductive glands produce for males
testosterone
gland that produces melatonin
pineal
causes milk production in nursing mothers and contracting during childbirth
oxytocin
increases blood pressure and heart rate when the body experiences stress
adrenalin
helps regulate calcium in the bones
calcitonin
adrenal glands are located above this major organ
kidney
disease caused by a failure of the body to produce insulin
diabetes
produced in the adrenal cortex, keeps blood glucose level stable
cortisol
contains cells called the Islets of Langerhans
pancreas
collection of glands that secret chemicals that maintain homeostasis
endocrine system