Anti-Semitism Boss Tweed Catholic vs. Protestant (not defining religions but social struggle) Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 Ellis Island Emigration graft Great Chicago Fire Hull House-Jane Addams Immigration Jacob Riis - How the Other Half Lives Jews mass transit Melting Pot Migration Nativism Old immigrants vs. New immigrants political machines Salvation Army San Francisco Earthquake settlement house Social Darwinism Tammany Hall Tenement Housing Urbanization

Terms in this set (...)

A mindset that people of Jewish heritage were inferior to other races.
Boss Tweed
A political boss who carried corruption to new extremes, and cheated the city out of more than $100 million.
A baptized follower of Jesus who belongs to the Catholic Church.
A religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches.
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
Denied any additional Chinese laborers to enter the country while allowing students and merchants to immigrate.
Ellis Island
An immigrant receiving station that opened in 1892, where immigrants were given a medical examination and only allowed in if they were healthy.
Migration from a location.
Illegal use of political influence for personal gain.
Great Chicago Fire
A fire in 1871 that killed hundreds, left thousands homeless, and destroyed a third of Chicago.
Hull House
Settlement home designed as a welfare agency for needy families. It provided social and educational opportunities for working class people in the neighborhood as well as improving some of the conditions caused by poverty.
Jane Addams
1860-1935. Founder of Settlement House Movement. First American Woman to earn Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 as president of Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.
Migration into a place (especially migration to a country of which you are not a native in order to settle there).
Jacob Riis
A Danish immigrant, he became a reporter who pointed out the terrible conditions of the tenement houses of the big cities where immigrants lived during the late 1800s. He wrote How The Other Half Lives in 1890.
How the Other Half Lives
A book by John Riis that told the public about the lives of the immigrants and those who live in the tenements.
Believed in a single God; an ancient Babylonian civilization; first monotheistic religion.
mass transit
Transportation system designed to move large numbers of people along fixed routes.
Melting Pot
A society with a great diversity of cultures and races.
Form of relocation diffusion involving permanent move to a new location.
An anti-foreign feeling that arose in the 1840's and 1850's in response to the influx of Irish and German Catholics.
Old immigrants
Immigrants who had come to the US before the 1880s from Britain, Germany, Ireland, and Scandinavia, or Northern Europe.
New immigrants
Immigrants who had come to the US after the 1880s from southern and eastern Europe.
political machines
Corrupt organized groups that controlled political parties in the cities. A boss leads the machine and attempts to grab more votes for his party.
Salvation Army
A charitable and religious organization to evangelize and to care for the poor and homeless.
San Francisco Earthquake
A 1906 earthquake that destroyed property and set off fires that burned for days. 1,000 people died.
settlement house
A center in an underprivileged area that provides community services.
Social Darwinism
19th century of belief that evolutionary ideas theorized by Charles Darwin could be applied to society.
Tammany Hall
A political organization within the Democratic Party in New York city (late 1800's and early 1900's) seeking political control by corruption and bossism.
Tenement Housing
Housing in the city where many factory workers where forced to live in one room apartments and the conditions where very unsanitary.
An increase in the percentage and in the number of people living in urban settlements.