Chapter 16 review
Terms in this set (50)
The period between the 1400s and 1500s in Europe is sometimes called the
Age of exploration
Explorers who set out from Europe were looking for
fame, wealth, and converts
Like Columbus, many Europeans in the 1400s thought the world
The astrolabe allowed sailors
to calculate their location
Sea captains were aided by a new type of ship called the
Who created a court for explorers in Portugal?
When the English realized they had reached a previously unknown land
the English queen sent Sir Francis Drake around the tip of South America
On a voyage that began in 1497, Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama reached
An early European explorer who sailed for the English and the Dutch was
Because of its location, which European country was the first to launch large-scale exploration voyages?
The __________________, which allowed them to know at all times which direction was north.
On the next trip, ______________ sailed far west before heading south around Africa, claimed Brazil.
1519, __________________ tried to sail west all the way around the world.
He died in the Philippines, but some of his crew made it back to Spain in 1522, they were the first to ___________________ the globe.
___________________________ left France in 1534, sailed up the St. Lawrence River, claiming the land along it for France.
Native Americans died in large numbers because they had no resistance to European
____________ led an expedition to the area that today is known as Mexico.
When the Spanish conquered Moctezuma II, it marked the end of the ______________ Empire.
_______ was the home of the powerful Inca Empire.
Men who led the Spanish conquest of the Americas in the 16th century were known as ___.
In the __ system, a colonist was given land and a number of Native Americans to work the land for him.
A document called the ________ divided the Americas between Spain and Portugal.
Treaty of Tordesillas
The Dutch established the colony of _______________ along the Hudson River.
The reformer Bartolomé de Las Casas was a Spanish __ who protested the unjust treatment of Native Americans.
The first English colony was established at _____ in present day Virginia in 1607.
__________________ led an expedition to Peru in search of the wealthy Inca empire.
1532, the emperor, _______________, met with Pizarro, who demanded he accept Christianity.
New France, or Canada, had been founded by ____.
René-Robert La Salle canoed the entire __________ down to the Gulf of Mexico.
War broke out in 1754, Native Americans allied with the French, so the English called this ______.
The French and Indian War
The Atlantic slave trade began in order to
remedy a shortage of labor in the Americas
By the end of the 1600s, the slave trade was dominated by
The spread of people of African descent throughout the Americas and Western Europe is called the
Keeping their cultural traditions alive was a way for some enslaved people to
resist the harsh conditions of slavery
The effects of the slave trade included
capturing the future leaders of African societies, depriving millions of people of their freedom, and dividing Africans from one another as some rulers waged wars to gain captives
___________ had no resistance to European diseases like smallpox, measles, influenza, and malaria.
Manufactured goods sold for more than raw materials, so governments paid ________________ or grants to help grow industries.
Europeans also brought __________________, which became a new source of labor and transportation for Native Americans.
During the 1500s and 1600s, European nations developed an economic policy called ________________.
________________ was a joint-stock company which paid to establish the colony of Jamestown in 1607.
The Virginia Company
The ____________________ was the exchange of plants, animals, and disease between the Americas and the rest of the world.
Before contact between Europe and the Americas, ___________ had never known of potatoes, corn, sweet potatoes, or turkeys
The ____________________ population fell from around 2 million in 1492 to 500,000 by 1900.
North American Indian
The system of __________________ is an economic system in which private individuals or organizations carry on most economic activities in order to seek a profit.
In ___________________, investors bought shares of stock in a company and earned a portion of any profits the company made
We know of these conditions thanks to Africans such as __________________, who later wrote about the experience.
The step during which Africans were sent to America is referred to as the _________________.
___________________________, large farming estates, required many workers.
Spanish traders took them to the Caribbean to work on _____________________.
About __________________________________ Africans were shipped to the Americas; millions more went to other places around the world