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The name given the tragic flaw of excessive pride, which generally leads to the characters downfall
A protagonist who does not exhibit the traditional, heroic qualities usually associated with the main character
A type of flat character that embodies stereotypical qualities and becomes a type rather than a real person
A fully developed, multifaceted character that exhibits the complexity of a real person
The manner in which a writer constructs a sentence and how it affects a readers understanding
The liberty a writer sometimes takes with the typical rules of grammar, punctuation, and/or syntax in order to fulfill his or creative process
The use of figures of speech to describe abstract ideas, attempting to make the abstract more concrete
A rather vague, metaphorical term used to refer to the distinctive features of a particular writer or text
Both the art of composing verse as well as the form of verse used in a particular poem
A form of poetical meter consisting first of one stressed syllable, followed by one unstressed (-~)
stream of consciousness
A narrative technique in which an author attempts to capture the flow of thoughts and sensory impressions of characters as the pass though his or her mind.
A technique of inserting material into a narrative that provides the reader with clues of future events
first-person point of view
A narrative being told from the perspective of a character who uses the word "I"
A novel in which the plot is developed solely though letters, diaries, journals, and blogs
A scene that interrupts the present action of the narrative in order to depict an earlier event
A scene that interrupts the present action of a narrative in order to preview future events
A narrative technique where an author gradually reveals information as the narrative is repeated
A coming-of-age novel; A narrative that traces the physical, emotional, and/or spiritual development of the protagonist
Refers to the use of objects that have meaning in and of themselves to stand for, or represent, something else
Refers to the practice of basing interpretations on either the expressed of implied intentions of a writer
A form of literary criticism that analyzes texts from the perspective that all texts are the results of an elaborate system of signs
Focuses on the transaction that takes place between the reader and the text
New Historicism criticism
Focuses on when a text was created as well as the situation in which the text is currently being read
The name given to the type of literary criticism that focuses on a close reading of a text
The type of literary criticism that focuses on the struggle for power and its effect on social class
A modern philosophy that maintains that existence precedes essence, and everyone is responsible for his or her own actions
A form of criticism focusing on patterns that exist across cultures and time periods
Refers to a line of poetry, to differentiate between poetry and other less serious forms of metrical writing, or it is used to refer to poetry in general and specific poems.
(The turning point) The part of the plot where the conflict has intensified to a point where the fortunes of the protagonist begin to change, for the better or worse.
Refers to any text that attempts to accurately portray life, in direct opposition of sensationalism or melodrama
Can be broadly defined as any amusing and entertaining literary text. Refers to a specific type of drama, which contrasts with tragedy
Latin for "seize the day". The idea of living for the moment is a popular literary theme.
(Petrarchan) A two-part sonnet that consists of an octave (eight lines) and a sestet (six lines)
A stream-of-consciousness technique in which the subjective thoughts of a character are revealed to the reader
Occurs when the physical end of the line verse corresponds with a grammatical pause
A humorous imitation of either the style of a particular genre or the imitation of the specific literary text
An extended narrative delivered by a single speaker, though it may be heard or witnessed by others
The deliberate misrepresentation of something by stating something in a way that is less than it truly is
A specific type of metaphor, replacing the name of something with something closely related to it
A form of understatement usually achieved by referring to something in terms of less importance that it usually deserves
A figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two things essentially unalike
The repetition of words, phrases, and/or clauses at the beginning of successive lines or sentences
A play on words that capitalizes on the similarity of spelling or pronunciation, usually for comic effect
The statement that initially seems contradictory and nonsensical but upon further examination, makes sense
The substitution of a softer, gentler word or expression for something painful or unpleasant
Used to twist, or turn, the meaning of a word (Irony, metaphor, metonymy, personification, simile, and synecdoche)
A king who offended Zeus and was forced to push a boulder to the top of a hill, only to have it roll back down again when he reached the top
A bird that, at the end of its life, builds a nest and sets the next and itself on fire. It burns to death, and then rises from its own ashes.
The land of milk and honey, known as Canaan that God initially promises to Abraham and his descendents.
Another name for the Book of Revelation, the last book of the Bible. Also, the end of time.
The second book of the Bible. It recounts to journey of Moses and the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt.
Occurs at the End of Time, during the Second coming, when Jesus will judge the living and the dead.
The name given to the final battle between God and the devil at the end of the world, as described in the book of Revelation.
Refers to the fruit from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, which Adam and Eve were instructed not to eat
alpha and omega
The first and last letters of the Greek alphabet; Used in conjunction, they represent God, who is the beginning and the end
an eye for an eye
Refers to an Old Testament principle of justice, where punishment was equal to the crime committed
turn the other cheek
What Jesus commanded his disciples to do, rather than Old Testament justice, which was an eye for an eye
Am I my brother's keeper?"
Refers to the Bible story of Cain and Abel, Adams and Eves son. Upon learning that God and accepted Abel's sacrifice and not his own, Cain killed Abel. When God asked where his brother was, Cain replied, "Am I my brother's keeper?"
Garden of Eden
The site of Adam's and Eve's perfect existence, until their transgression and subsequent banishment.
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