Psychology, Chapter 11: Motivated Behaviors
Terms in this set (30)
the process of that determines the reinforcement value of an outcome.
a stage of unrest or irritation that energizes one behavior after another until one of them removes the irriation
the maintenance of an optimism level of biological conditions within an organism
defined as maintaining levels of biological conditions that vary according to an individual's needs and circumstances.
external stimuli that pull us toward certain actions.
is a motivation to do an act for its own sake.
is based on the reinforcements and punishments that the act may bring.
When people receive more extrinsic motivations than necessary to perform a task, their intrinsic motivation declines.
hierarchy of needs
an organization from the most insistent needs to the ones that receive attention only when all others are under control.
the need for creative activities to fulfill your potential.
the most abundant sugar in your blood, is an important source of energy for the body and almost the only source for the brain.
increases the flow of glucose and several other nutrients into body cells.
a level that the body works to maintain.
which the body's fat cells release in amounts proportional to their mass.
is the excessive accumulation of body fat.
is a condition in which someone refuses to eat enough to maintain a stable weight, intensely fears gaining weight, and misperceives his or her body as fatter than it actually is.
in which people---mostly women---alternate between self-deprivation and periods of excessive eating when they feel they have lost their ability to control themselves.
acquired immune deficiency syndrome is a sexually transmitted disease that attacks the body's immune system.
is the sex that a person regards him or herself as being.
hormone present in higher qualities in males than females. Responsible for aggression, arousal, and the production of secondary sexual characteristics in males.
hormone present in higher qualities in females than males.
people with an anatomy that appears intermediate between male and female genitalia
is someone's tendency to respond sexually to male or female partners or neither.
attraction to both sexes
mere measurement effect
Simply estimating your probability of doing some desirable activity increases your probability of that action.
need for achievement
They feel good when they accomplish something that they weren't sure they could achieve.
according to the the _______ to job design, also known as Theory X, most employees are lazy, indifferent, and uncreative.
according to an alternative view, the ______ to job deisgn, also known as Theory Y, employees like variety in their job, a sense of accomplishment, and a sense of responsibility.
articulates a vision of the future, intellectually stimulates subordinates, and motivates them to use their imagination to advance the organization.
tries to make the organization more efficient at doing what it is already doing by providing rewards (mainly pay) for effective work.