Upgrade to remove ads
Pharm Final: Unit 14: Antibacterials
Terms in this set (28)
What type of antibacterial drugs kill bacteria?
What type of antibacterial drugs limit bacteria growth?
Bacteriostatic at ____________ dosages & bactericidal at _____________ dosages.
Which type of antibacterial binds to enzymes on the bacterial cell wall inhibiting their function which impairs the construction of the cell wall? This impairment leads to the cell's death as the cell's membrane cannot serve as a selective barrier & can't contain the high internal osmotic pressure of the bacterial cell.
Which type of antibacterial is a mainstay in the treatment of infections & can be classified according to their chemical background, spectrum of antibacterial activity, or pharmacokinetic features?
What are adverse reactions of penicillin?
What type of antibacterial serves as an alternative if penicillin is ineffective for a patient?
What are the adverse reactions of cephalosporins?
Which antibacterial is broader spectrum & tends to affect a variety of aerobic gram-positive or gram-negative bacteria, as well as some anaerobic bacterial strains?
What are adverse reactions of carbapenems?
Which antibacterial is usually applied topically to prevent & treat infection in superficial skin wounds & certain ophthalmic infections?
Which antibacterial is used primarily in combo with other agents to treat local infections of the external auditory canal?
Which antibacterial is considered a broad-spectrum antibiotic, but is used primarily as an adjunct in the treatment of tuberculosis?
Which antibacterial is primarily effective against M. tuberculosis infections & is a secondary agent in the treatment of tuberculosis?
Which antibacterial is effective against gram-positive bacilli & cocci & primarily serves as an alternative to the penicillins in treating a variety of infections, including certain bacterial strains that are resistant to penicillins?
Which type of antibacterial has a very broad spectrum & are effective against many aerobic gram-negative bacteria, including E. coli, Pseudomonas, & Salmonella? They are also active against some aerobic gram-positive bacteria, such as certain species of Staphylococcus, & many anaerobic bacteria. Consequently, they're used to treat a variety of tissue& wound infections.
Which type of antibacterial is broad spectrum against many gram-positive & gram-negative bacteria & are especially useful in patients who are allergic to penicillin?
Which type of antibacterial is broad spectrum, but also is anti-inflammatory & has neuroprotective & immunomodulary effects? Its use as a broad-spectrum antibiotic has diminished due to development of resistant bacterial strains.
What is the adverse effect of aminoglycosides?
What are the adverse effects of erythromycin?
What are the adverse effects of tetracyclines?
-Discoloration of teeth, bone, & skin
Which antibacterial drug that inhibits bacterial DNA/RNA synthesis & function is used as an adjunct to the primary antitubercular agents?
What are the adverse effects of aminosalicylic acid?
Which antibacterial drug that inhibits bacterial DNA/RNA synthesis & function is broad spectrum & is used in the treatment of GI infections, respiratory infections, osteomyelitis, & certain STDs? Ciproflaxin & levoflaxin (Levaquin) are examples.
What are adverse effects of fluoroquinolones?
-Tendon pain & inflammation (may lead to tendon rupture (most common Achilles).
Which antibacterial drug that inhibits bacterial DNA/RNA synthesis & function is broad spectrum & is used to treat certain UTIs? It is also topically applied to treat vaginal infections, ophthalmic conditions, & other local infections.
What are the adverse effects of sulfonamides?
What should a therapist watch out for with a patient taking Levaquin (levoflaxin)?
Tendon pain. (Can lead to tendon rupture, most commonly Achilles tendon).
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Pharm Final: Unit 10- Drugs to Treat Pain & Inflam…
Unit 11: Respiratory & GI Drugs
Pharm Final- Unit 12 & 13- Endocrine Drugs: Adreno…
Pharmacology Exam 2: Unit 7- Pharmacology of the C…
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Chapter 10: Antimicrobial Drugs
Pharmacology Antibacterial Drugs
Drugs to treat bacterial infections
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Ped PT- Unit 5: Management of Pediatric Musculoske…
Ped PT- Unit 4: Management of Pediatric…
PED PT- Unit 2: Atypical Development, Pediatric PT…
Ped PT- Unit 1: Motor Development, Motor Control,…