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APUSH AMSCO Period 1 Vocab
Terms in this set (36)
provided stable food supply for Mayans and Aztecs
Animal introduced by Europeans that transformed the Indian way of life on the Great Plains
killed a large population of Native Americans
Natives were subjected to do work for their Spanish masters, who in turn had to ¨care for them¨
Spanish were required to pay a tax to the king on each slave they imported to the Americas
A theory believed to explain that during the Ice Age people migrated from Asia to North America in order to follow the food source.
This American Indian culture centered in Ohio created large earthen mounds
Hokokam, Anasazi, and Pueblos
Southwest groups with multifaceted societies supported by farming with advanced irrigation systems. Lived in caves, under cliffs, and in multistoried buildings. Mostly wiped out before the arrival of Europeans due to drought and hostile native groups.
Woodland Mound Builders
American Indian tribe east of the Mississippi that prospered because of a rich food supply.
Nomadic tribe that followed Bison. Based in Great plains.
Central America based
successor to the Mayan Empire
Early-sixteenth-century Spanish adventurers who conquered Mexico, Central America, and Peru. (Examples Cortez, Pizarro, Francisco.)
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)
Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima (1475-1541).
New Laws of 1542
Bartolome de Las Casas convinced the King of Spain to institute these laws, which ended American Indian slavery, ended forced Indian labor, and began the process of ending the encomienda systems. (p. 11)
Sir Walter Raleigh's failed colonial settlement off the coast of North Carolina
facilitated spread of ideas
Ferdinand and Isabella
King and Queen of Spain who financed Columbus
provided religious motive for exploration (wanted their denomination to be the most widespread)
Henry the Navigator
sponsored Atlantic voyages that allowed Portuguese to sail around Cape of Good Hope
discovered the New World
Treaty of Tordesillas
A 1494 agreement between Portugal and Spain, declaring that newly discovered lands to the west of an imaginary line in the Atlantic Ocean would belong to Spain and newly discovered lands to the east of the line would belong to Portugal.
Native American language fam in NE
Native American language family in the Great Plains
union of five Indian tribes who lived in the Mohawk Valley of NY
American Indians along the Pacific Coast lived in the these plank houses.
English funded; Newfoundland
French explorer, found the St. Lawrence River and laid claim to Canada as a French possession (1534)
Samuel de Champlain
An English explorer who explored for the Dutch. He claimed the Hudson River
Bartolome de Las Casas
Dominican priest who spoke out against mistreatment of Native Americans
argument over how to view/treat natives. one side saw them as equals and the other saw them as inferior
Juan Gines de Sepulveda
A priest who argued that Indians were less than human
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