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71 terms

AP US History Chapter 36

STUDY
PLAY
Harding
President in 1820
Ohio Gang
Harding's "advisors" who played poker, drank, and smoked with him in the White House, involved in numerous scandals
Charles Evan Hughes
Republican governor of NY and Secretary of State under Harding
Andrew Mellon
Secretary of Treasury under Harding, previously Pittsburgh aluminum king
Herbert Hoover
Secretary of Commerce under Harding, previously wartime food administrator; an energetic businessmen and engineer
Albert B. Fall
Senator of New Mexico, anticonservatist; Secretary of the Interior under Harding
Adkins v. Children's Hospital
Court ruled that women were now the legal equals of men and could no longer be protected by special legislation
Esch-Cummins Transportation Act of 1920
Act that encouraged private consolidation of the railroads and pledge the ICC to guarantee their profitability
Merchant Marine Act of 1920
Act authorizing the Shipping board, which controlled about fifteen hundred vessels, to dispose of the hastily built wartime fleet at bargain-basement prices
Railway Labor Board
Successor body to the wartime labor boards; ordered a wage cut of 12% in 1922, provoking a two-month strike
Daughtery
Attorney General in 1922; clamped on strikers one of the most sweeping injunctions in American history
Veterans' Bureau
Federal bureau created in 1921 to provide hospitals and services to disabled veterans
American Legion
Founded in 1919 by Colonel Theodore Roosevelt to renew old hardships and let off steam in good-natured horseplay; later known for militant patriotism, conservatism, and antiradicalism
Adjusted Compensation Act
Act giving each former soldier a paid-up insurance policy due in twenty years, adding $3.5 billion to the cost of WWI
Washington Conference
1921 Conference of major powers to reduce naval armaments among Great Britain, Japan, France, Italy, and the United States
Five-Power Naval Treaty
Britain, France, Italy, Japan, and the U.S. were bounded to preserve the status quo in the Pacific (Ignore Italy actually :[ ) February 1922
Nine-Power Treaty
Treaty in 1922 that was essentially a reinvention of the Open Door Policy; all members to allow equal and fair trading rights with China; nine total members; February 1922
Four-Power Treaty
Treaty between Britain, Japan, France and United States preserved the status quo in Pacific; December 1921
Kellogg
Coolidge's Secretary of State; Nobel Peace Prize winner for a pact made in 1929 (Last name only)
Fordney-McCumber Tariff Law
Law passed in 1922 where Congress raised the tariff from 27% to 38.5%
Forbes
Colonel who in 1923 resigned as head of the Veterans' Bureau after looting the government to about $200 million for veterans' hospitals (Last name only)
Teapot Dome scandal
Affair involving two naval oil reserves where the Secretary of the Interior transfered these valuable properties to the Interior Department
Elk Hills
The second naval oil reserve involved in the Teapot Dome Scandal located in California (the first naval oil reserve is in Teapot Dome, Wyoming)
Albert B. Fall
Secretary of the Interior under Harding
Denby
Secretary of the Navy under Harding
Sinclair and Doheny
Two oilmen involved in the Teapot Dome Scandal
Coolidge
Took over when Harding died in San Francisco of pneumonia and thrombosis on August 2, 1923
Capper-Volstead Act
Exempted farmers' marketing cooperatives from anti-trust prosecution
McNary-Haugen Bill
Bill that sought to keep agricultural prices high by having the government buy surpluses to sell abroad, vetoed twice by Coolidge
Coolidge
Republican presidential nominee in 1924 election
John W. Davis
Wealthy corporation lawyer and Democratic presidential nominee in 1924 election
La Follette
Socialist presidential nominee in 1924 election
Nicaragua
Coolidge removed troops from here in 1925 but sent them back a year later where they stayed until 1933
Mexico
American oil companies desired a military expedition here when the Mexican government tried to assert its sovereignty over oil resources
Ruhr Valley
France sent troops here in order to extort lagging reparations payments from Germany
480 million marks
The price of a loaf of bread in October 1923 in Germany; Toy has said this number how many times?
Dawes Plan
Rescheduling of German payments in 1924 for the cost of WWI and allowed for private loans to Germany; merry-go-round
Finland
"honest little ______"; love this country, it struggled along making payments until the last of its debt was erased in 1976
Alfred E. Smith
Four-time governor of New York and Democratic presidential nominee in 1928
Herbert Hoover
Stanford University graduate from Iowa and Oregon who became the Republican presidential nominee in 1928
planned economy
An economy in which government directs the use of national resources and regulates the economy to achieve both goals and stability.
Agricultural Marketing Act
This act lent money to farmers to help them organize producers' cooperatives
Federal Farm Board
Agency created by the Agricultural Marketing ct; it lent out money to farm organizations seeking to buy, sell, and store agricultural surpluses
Grain Stabilization/ Cotton Stabilization Corporation
Two corporations created to bolster sagging prices by buying up surpluses; suffocated by an avalanche of farm produce
Hawley-Smoot Tariff of 1930
Raised the tariff to 60% becoming the nation's highest protective tariff during peacetime
Black Tuesday
16.4 million shares of stocks were sold in a scramble on this day because speculators dumped their insecurities and others followed in group psychology. Hah. psychology.
Mississippi Valley
A drought here in 1930 forced thousand of farms into auctions
Hoover blankets
Another term for old newspapers in areas hit hard by depression
Hoovervilles
Shanty towns where the homeless and unemployed fought over garbage cans and cooked their findings in oil-drums
Hoover Dam
Huge construction project from 1931 to 1935 that provided much needed jobs to the southwest; built on Colorado River
Muscle Shoals Bill
Bill designed to dam the Tennessee River, vetoed by Hoover because he opposed the government's selling electricity in competition with private companies
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
Agency designed to provide indirect relief by assisting insurance companies, banks, agricultural organizations, railroads, and state and local governments
Pump-priming
Term for the spending of government funds in commercial enterprises to stimulate the national economy (Herbert Hoover)
Norris - La Guardia Anti-Injunction Act
Act passed in 1932 that outlawed contracts and forbade the federal courts to issue injunctions to restrain strikes, boycotts, and peaceful picketing
Bonus Expeditionary Force
Group of WWI veterans who demanded a premature payment of the deferred bonus voted by Congress in 1924, payable in 1945
Bonus Army
Another name for the Bonus Expeditionary Force
Douglas MacArthur
General who evicted the Bonus Expeditionary Force with tear gas and bayonets
Battle of Anaconda Flats
So-called battle between the Bonus Expeditionary Force and the army under MacArthur. I'm getting sleepy.
Manchuria
Japan's center of attacks in China; Japan overran the area and bolt shut the Open Door in this area
Geneva
Meeting place of the League in response to Japan's taking of Manchuria
Henry Stimson
Secretary of State under Hoover that said that the US wouldn't interfere with a League embargo
Stimson doctrine
Hoover's Secretary of State said the US would not recognize territorial changes resulting from Japan's invasion of Manchuria
Good Neighbor policy
Herbert Hoover created a policy in South America. What is this policy? :D
Haiti
Hoover negotiated with this republic in 1932 and provided for the complete withdrawal of American troops in 1934
Nicaragua
Hoover withdrew troops from this region in 1933. Hurrah
farm bloc
Bipartisan voting sector from the agricultural states; it sprouted up in Congress in 1921 and drove through laws such as the Capper-Volstead Act and the McNary-Haugen Bill. Yay Carly! I missed this term
5-5-3
The ratio of battleships and aircraft carriers in America, Britain, and japan
wheat belt
Areas of the U.S. Great Plains region where wheat farming is important; including the Dakotas, Nebraska and Kansas,
yanquis imperialism
The new U.S. expansion into Latin America through economic neocolonialism; termed by angry South Americans
Marian Anderson
First African-American to perform at the White House; the DAR refused her use of Constitution Hall for a concert, so Eleanor Roosevelt set her up to perform at the Lincoln Memorial.
Aretha Franklin
Famous singer and songwriter; known as Queen of Soul; she won 15 Grammy's and sang "America the Beautiful" at Obama's Inauguration in 2009