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Animal Chiro Final Test
Parker Animal Chiro, Summer 2020
Terms in this set (59)
Stabilization of a joint prior to adjustment....
is critical to make a proper adjustment.
DD Palmer was first a ________ ______ by profession.
Which subluxation is associated with anal gland issues in the canine?
sacral apex lateral
The tuber sacrale are much closer together in a ___ than in a ___ considering the size varience.
A 15-year old Labrador retriever dog presents with a 6-month history of a 'gag' or retching sound. The primary differential diagnosis for this dog is:
Mega esophagus, pharyngeal paralysis, cranial nerve 9 or 10 lesion
What muscles lay against the lateral and medial surfaces of the anal sac in dogs?
external anal sphincter and internal anal sphincter
This muscle is the major extensor of the back. It helps maintain the stiffness of the back and is the major epaxial muscle.
longissimus dorsi m.
What is the LOC for a PI ilium in the horse when doing a tuber sacrale thrust?
P-A, M-L, I-S
Which species does not have a sacrotuberous ligament? Canine, equine, feline, or bovine?
What is the sequence for tloss of function from a spinal cord lesion?
loss of deep pain
loss of voluntary motor function
loss of proprioception
loss of superficial sensation
loss of proprioception -> loss of voluntary motor function -> loss of superficial sensation -> loss of deep pain
The absence of a depression between the _____ is an indication of a sacral base posterior in the canine.
contralateral tuber sacrale
What is a common sign of deficient proprioception in the dog?
knuckling onto the dorsum of the paw
When referring to sacral base posterior in the horse, the most difficult part of the adjustment set up is..
getting the episternal notch high enough to be in the correct LOC.
Why would you use the ischial tuberosity as a degmental contact point for an AS ilium in the horse?
tuber coxae fracture
Radiating pain, numbness, and loss of motor control are signs of a...
nerve root lesion
What are some clinical signs that demonstrate a peripheral vestibular lesion?
spontaneous horizontal eye movements, ipsilateral head tilt, circling to the same side as the lesion
How many pairs of spinal nerves in the human?
How many pairs of spinal nerves in the horse?
How many pairs of spinal nerves in the dog?
In chiropractic listings on animals, the word superior actually refers to ___ orientation of the animal.
Spastic paresis, hyper reflexia, normal to increased muscle tone... all of these go with: UMN or LMN lesion?
What is the first palpable sacral tubercle in the horse?
This is a thick band running from the sacrum to the ischial tuberosity in the dog.
Pain on full extension of the left rear limb would indicate what likely subluxation?
AS ilium on the left
What subluxation may a horse have if it is carrying it's tail to the side?
lateral sacral apex
A "sagging hock", inability to extend the hock joint and considerable sensory deficit down the posterior thigh and leg would indicate damage to which nerve?
The horse has ___ sacral vertebrae where the dog has ___ sacral vertebrae.
Flaccid paresis or paralysis, hyporeflexia, rapid muscle atrophy all are signs of: UMN or LMN lesion?
In the horse all three bones that form the pelvis are united (ossified) by age _____ and all secondary ossification centers for structures such as the ischial tuberosity are united (ossified) by age _____.
1 year, 5 years
During surgical removal of the anal glands in dogs, the surgeon but be careful not to sever the _____ nerves, as this results in fecal incontinence.
What is a clinical sign of a sciatic nerve lesion?
pain that radiates to the posterolateral thigh
An AVCA chiropractor can recommend supplements for an animal. T/F
The hamstring muscles _____ the hip joint.
A 15-year old toy poodle presents with a deviation of the nose to the left, drooping lip on the left, and tongue that slips from the mouth to the left. One of the primary differential diagnoses for this dog is:
facial palsy/cranial nerve 7 lesion
What is the contact point when adjusting a PI ilium in the dog?
The patellar tendon reflex tests the integrity of the motor nerve pathway from what spinal segment?
L4, L5, L6 (femoral nerve)
When checking leg length in a dog with a PI ilium and the dog is standing in a normal quadrupedal position. The ____ leg is the one on the side of the PI ilium but if you take the legs into full extension, the ____ leg is on the side of the PI ilium.
Inability to flex the hock in the dog could be indicative of a problem with the _____ nerve.
common peroneal n.
Branches of the facial nerve pass over the belly of the _____ m. and are located just beneath the skin.
Which of the following animals has the highest normal body temperature?
The skin of the face is innervated by:
the trigeminal nerve
A horse with a decrease in left cerebellar function due to vertebral subluxation syndrome may show a decrease in turn radius to which side?
A Collie and a Greyhound have a ____ shaped skull.
A french bulldog has a ____ shaped skull.
What tract lines the posterolateral boarder of the spinal cord?
With epilepsy, what are clinical signs of a generalized seizure?
convulsive motor activity, loss of conciousness
Large diameter afferents from spinal articulations exhibit which functional effect on the transmission of noiceception?
In the canine, the radial nerve supplies the...
triceps brachii m.
An 8yro male beagle presents with a lateral deviation of his left eye and weak adduction of that eye when his head turns right. These are signs of...
left oculomotor nerve lesion
Do cats have a nuchal ligament?
When called upon to see what animal chiropractic can do for a gross motor problem, we would be accurate in considering the _____ region.
An 11 yro neutered male doberman pinscher dog presents with a base wide stance and moderate neck pain. This most likely demonstrates signs of:
Sudden attitude/personality change in an animal is most likely due to what?
What adjustment should be preformed on a dog with the adjustor standing in front of the animal?
occiput superior right
The area of the horse's gum line that is void of teeth is called the what?
Comparing trigeminal neuralgia and trigeminal neuritis:
Trigeminal neuralgia is characterized by pain
Both conditions resolve spontaneously
Both show acute paralysis of the muscles of mastication
All of the above
trigeminal neuralgia is characterized by pain
What condition is another term for wobbler's?
cervical vertebral instability
A 4-year old spayed Yorkshire terrier dog presents with a head tilt to the right, circles to the right, falls to the right when she decelerates, and has a resting nystagmus with fast deviation to the left. Her most likely diagnosis is:
peripheral vestibular disease
The facet angles of the zygapophyseal joints in the cervical spine are at ___ degrees.
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