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USH Unit One: Revolution / Early USA 2020
Terms in this set (18)
French and Indian War
7 year war fought between the English and the French for possession of the Ohio Valley area. The English won and then tried to make the colonies help pay for the war. (1754-1763)
Sugar Act of 1764
An act that raised taxes on sugar and molasses. Also taxed silk, wine, and coffee to give money to the English government.
Quartering Act of 1765
Forced colonists to allow British soldiers live with them and forced colonists to feed the soldiers. This was to save the King money. It created more resentment in the colonies
Stamp Act of 1765
Placed a tax on almost all printed materials in the colonies. Colonists ignored the act and boycotted British Goods.
Townshend Acts (1767)
Tax on tea, glass, lead, paint, and paper. Also gave more power to Customs Officers so they could arrest smugglers.
Boston Massacre (1770)
An incident in which British soldiers fired into a crowd of colonists who were teasing and taunting them; five colonists were killed. Incident was used to incident to wage an Anti-British propaganda war.
Committees of Correspondence 1772
a colonial network of passing information throughout the colonies. Helped unify the colonies and shape public opinion.
Boston Tea Party (1773)
American colonists calling themselves the Sons of Liberty, disguised as Mohawk Native Americans, boarded three British ships and dumped British tea into the Boston harbor.
Coercive Acts (1774)
British actions to punish Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party; they included closing the port of Boston and banning town meetings. 2,000 new troops were sent in.
Intolerable Acts (1774)
The Coercive Act and the Quebec Act
Quebec Act (1774)
Gave more territory to Quebec and said a governor appointed by the king would run it.
First Continental Congress
Delegates from all colonies except Georgia met to discuss problems with Britain and to promote independence
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence
American colonists who were determined to fight the British until American independence was won
Shot heard round the world
nickname for the battle of Lexington and Concord; first time a colony revolted against its Britain
Olive Branch Petition (1775)
Adopted by the Continental Congress in an attempt to avoid a full-blown war with Great Britain. Affirmed American loyalty to Great Britain and asked the king to call off his army so there could be a compromise. King George refused.
Common Sense by Thomas Paine
Pamphlet that encouraged the Colonists to fight the British
Declaration of Independence
Signed in 1776 by US revolutionaries; it declared the United States as a free state.
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